Introduction to Prakrit
Introduction to Prakrit provides the reader with a guide for the more attentive and scholarly study of Prakrit occurring in Sanskrit plays, poetry and prose--both literary and inscriptional. It presents a general view of the subject with special stress on Sauraseni and Maharastri Prakrit system. The book is divided into two parts. Part I consists of I-XI Chapters which deal with the three periods of Indo-Aryan speech, the three stages of the Middle Period, the literary and spoken Prakrits, their classification and characteristics, their system of Single and Compound Consonants, Vowels, Sandhi, Declension, Conjugation and their history of literature. Part II consists of a number of extracts from Sanskrit and Prakrit literature which illustrate different types of Prakrit--Sauraseni, Maharastri, Magadhi, Ardhamagadhi, Avanti, Apabhramsa, etc., most of which are translated into English. The book contains valuable information on the Phonetics and Grammar of the Dramatic Prakrits--Sauraseni and Maharastri. It is documented with an Index as well as a Students' Bibliography.
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Adha aham ajja Ajlviyas analogy anusvara Apabhramsa archaic Ardha-Magadhl Asoka Asoka's becomes bhagavam bhaniyam bhodi Bhodu Buddhist Canon caus conjugation danim dava declension derived devanam dialects double consonant Drama Dramatic Prakrits edam edition ettha evam Extract eyam gadua gerund Girnar grammarians Grierson Hala Hemacandra Hindi idha imperat Indian Indo-Aryan Indo-Aryan languages Inscriptions INTRODUCTION TO PRAKRIT Jacobi jaha Jain Jain Prakrits java jena Jester jjeva Kadham karei King language literary Magadhl maha Maharastrl Maid mama Muladeva nasal Note Paisaci Pali phonetic Pischel plays plur Plural Prakrit grammar pucchai raya Saddalaputta sandhi Sanskrit Saur Sauraseni savvam semivowel sibilant Sing sometimes sonant speak speech stems stha student Svetambara tadha Tado taha tassa tattha tena translation tuha tumam Udayana Ujjain Vasa Vedic verbs Verse vide vowel word
Page 3 - we include the Vedic language and all dialects of the Old Indo-Aryan period, then it is true to say that all the Prakrits are derived from Sanskrit. If on the other hand " Sanskrit " is used more strictly of the...
Page 3 - This explanation is perfectly intelligible even if it be not historically correct. Practically we take Sanskrit forms as the basis and derive Prakrit forms therefrom. Nevertheless modern philology insists on an important reservation. Sanskrit forms are quoted as the basis in as far as they represent the old Indo — Aryan forms...