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Utilitarian Theories of Distributive Justice
Egalitarian Theories of Distributive Justice
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ability according to need achieved analysis apply argue basic needs basis Chapter commodities concept conflict considered consumer sovereignty counterexamples criterion criticisms desires determine difficulties discussion distribution according distributive justice economic income economic system economic utilitarianism efficiency egalitarian formula egalitarian position equal distribution equal right equality principles example formal principle formula of distributive freedom of opportunity greatest happiness greatest number Hence individual inequality John Rawls Jones language model limited marginal utility maximize merit minimum standard moral Moreover necessary condition Nicholas Rescher nomic nonbasic needs objections occupation optimum conditions Pareto criterion philosophical utilitarianism positive liberty principle of equal principles of distributive priority problem of distributive procedure production Rawls Rawls's Recipient redistribution refer relevant result retributive justice right to well-being satisfaction scarcity Secondly seems situation social socialist formula specific standard of decency standard of living theory of distributive tion tribution unjust utilitarian formula value of equality Vlastos Welfare Economics