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A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of ...
John Stuart Mill
No preview available - 2008
abstract name affirmed or denied analysis animal antecedent applied Archbishop Whately ascertained assertion attri attributes connoted axioms believe body butes called causation cause classification coexistence colour common conceive conclusion concrete name connotative name consciousness consequent considered copula deductive definition denote differentia distinction doctrine Duke of Wellington effect equal essence evidence example existence experience expression fact or phenomenon feelings genus grounded idea implied indefinite number individual induction inference inquiry instance kind knowledge known language laws logic logicians major premise mark matter meaning men are mortal mental merely Method of Agreement Method of Difference mind mode mortal motion nature Noumena object observation particular peculiar person phenomena philosophers possess predicate produced properties proposition proved purpose ratiocination reasoning relation resemblance respecting sense signification Sir William Hamilton Socrates species substance supposed syllogism term theory things thought tion true truth universal proposition Whewell word
Page 430 - If two or more instances of the phenomenon under investigation have only one circumstance in common, the circumstance in which alone all the instances agree is the cause (or effect) of the given phenomenon.
Page 431 - If an instance in which the phenomenon under investigation occurs, and an instance in which it does not occur, have every circumstance in common save one, that one occurring only in the former; the circumstance in which alone the two instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Page 439 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Page 149 - The simplest and most correct notion of a Definition is, a proposition declaratory of the meaning of a word; namely, either the meaning which it bears in common acceptation, or that which the speaker or writer, for the particular purposes of his discourse, intends to annex to it.
Page 352 - Why is a single instance, in some cases, sufficient for a complete induction ; while in others, myriads of concurring instances, without a single exception known or presumed, go such a very little way towards establishing a universal proposition ? Whoever can answer this question, knows more of the philosophy of logic than the wisest of the ancients, and has solved the problem of induction.
Page 479 - The business of Inductive Logic is to provide rules and models (such as the Syllogism and its rules are for ratiocination) to which if inductive arguments conform, those arguments are conclusive, and not otherwise.
Page 31 - A connotative term is one which denotes a subject, and implies an attribute. By a subject is here meant anything which possesses attributes. Thus John, or London, or England, are names which signify a subject only.
Page 366 - To certain facts, certain facts always do, and, as we believe, will continue to, succeed. The invariable antecedent is termed the cause; the invariable consequent, the effect. And the universality of the law of causation consists in this, that every consequent is connected in this manner with some particular antecedent, or set of antecedents. Let the fact be what it may, if it has begun to exist, it was preceded by some fact or facts, with which it is invariably connected.
Page 23 - names ordered in speech (as is defined) are signs of our conceptions, it is manifest they are not signs of the things themselves ; for that the sound of this word stone should be the sign of a stone, cannot be understood in any sense but this, that he that hears it collects that he that pronounces it thinks of a stone.
Page 205 - When we say, All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is mortal ; it is unanswerably urged by the adversaries of the syllogistic theory, that the proposition, Socrates is mortal, is presupposed in the more general assumption, All men are mortal...