The Stefánsson-Anderson Arctic Expedition of the American Museum: Preliminary Ethnological Report, Volume 14, Issues 1-2

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order of the Trustees, 1919 - Eskimos - 395 pages
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Page 214 - Pannigabluk herself has had a fatherless birth— an abortion at Oliktok last spring when she was on her way west with Billy and Anderson. The fetus was about three inches long. She had never had connection with a man since the death of her first (only) husband— a full year previous the abortion.9 Again, Anderson is around, although he often travelled independently of Stefansson and Pannigabluk, looking for zoological specimens.
Page 195 - ... number of the Nunatamas have come either overland by themselves, or eastward from Point Barrow or from Kotzebue sound as passengers on whaling ships. The result is that the population in the Mackenzie delta is becoming mixed in blood, has already been deeply influenced in its culture characteristics, and has taken up many strange words into the spoken language.
Page 408 - Oukilon" house at North Cape. No. 89377 [766] is a pe culiar form, which was perhaps not general, as it has left no descendants among the modern harpoon. Instead of the bilateral blade barbs it has an irregular slot on each side, which evidently served to hold a blade of stone, and the single barb of the body is replaced by a cluster of four, which are neither in the plane of the blade nor at right angles to it, but between the two. No modern harpoon heads from Point Barrow have more than two barbs...
Page 357 - ... tiresome child, who is the mother of her mother Mamayauk, is also the mother of another woman, whom she calls her daughter (which she does not do for her own mother). She is the reincarnation of these two persons, who died just before her birth. Here is Mamayauk's explanation of the matter. "Mamayauk says the name is the same thing as the nappan of some dead person, another name for the same thing.
Page 319 - People say that wolves and arlut are avariksut ("chips of the same block"), equivalent, alike, equal. When wolves starve on land they go to their relatives in the sea and turn arlut; likewise the arlut when unable to find food in the sea go inland and become wolves.
Page 439 - On the whole these archaeological collections seem to be fairly homologous and not so far removed from the modern Pt. Barrow culture. On the basis of his study of Stefansson's collections from Pt. Barrow, Wissler was able to say in 1916: "Whatever the interpretation, the fact is that a greater similarity in this respect exists between the harpoon heads from old sites in Siberia, Alaska and Hudson Bay district than is found in more modern ethnological collections"2). On going into details we find...
Page 357 - Alaskan sources) that in the case of the wolf and the arlu (killer- whale?) at least during lifetime has its double, ie every wolf on land has a ta-tkok at sea that is an arlu. If the wolf has trouble in finding food on land he goes to sea and seeks his double the arlu. Here Mamayauk's knowledge becomes vague. Thus much she has heard, but she does not know if the wolf remains at sea as a wolf, if it merges with its double and they become one, or if it becomes an arlu, so that there are now two arlus,...
Page 192 - ... practice of storing household goods, often including valued articles easily carried off, in unprotected places. These are seldom disturbed, excepting in the case of food, when it is an unwritten law that anyone who is in need may openly help himself. In the old days apparently no restitution was made, but since the Eskimo began to acquire ideas of private ownership from the whites, the custom of making payment for food taken from abandoned stores is becoming established. Though the character...
Page 312 - A little sand was added to the clay 'as salt is added to the flour' and the dough of the three ingredients was worked as white cooks work bread. When properly mixed, one hand was thrust inside the dough and the pot shaped by beating the outside of the mass with a stick held in the other hand. When shaped, the pot was set beside a small fire and slowly dried...
Page vi - While most of the mixed groups had never been visited, explorers had from time to time heard native accounts of them, and as Mr. Stefansson says, on Franklin's expedition, one lone Eskimo was encountered in the same locality, an old man with European features and an exceptionally long white beard. If the characters are due to mixture, the infusion must have occurred several hundred years ago and although we may never know precisely how the foreign blood was introduced, a complete record of facts...

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