Innovative Vaulting in the Architecture of the Roman Empire: 1st to 4th Centuries CE

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 12, 2015 - Architecture - 254 pages
This book studies six vaulting techniques employed in architecture outside of Rome and asks why they were invented where they were and how they were disseminated. Most of the techniques involve terracotta elements in various forms, such as regular flat bricks, hollow voussoirs, vaulting tubes, and armchair voussoirs. Each one is traced geographically via GIS mapping, the results of which are analysed in relation to chronology, geography, and historical context. The most common building type in which the techniques appear is the bath, demonstrating its importance as a catalyst for technological innovation. This book also explores trade networks, the pottery industry, and military movements in relation to building construction, revealing how architectural innovation was influenced by wide ranging cultural factors, many of which stemmed from local influences rather than imperial intervention. Additional resources including extensive searchable databases with bibliographical data and color illustrations available at www.cambridge.org/vaulting.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
OPUS CAEMENTICIUM
19
BARREL VAULTS OF BRICK
39
COMPLEX VAULT FORMS OF BRICK
70
VAULTING TUBES
99
HOLLOW VOUSSOIRS
129
VAULTING RIBS OF ARMCHAIR VOUSSOIRS
152
VAULT BEHAVIOR AND STRUCTURAL FORM
177
VAULTING TECHNIQUES IN CONTEXT
192
Notes
205
Works Cited
223
Index
247
Copyright

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About the author (2015)

Lynne C. Lancaster is a professor in the Department of Classics and World Religions at Ohio University. She has been a resident at both the British School at Rome and a fellow at the American Academy in Rome. Her first book, Concrete Vaulted Construction in Imperial Rome (Cambridge, 2005) won the Wiseman Book Prize from the Archaeological Institute of America in 2007.

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