Xinjiang and the Expansion of Chinese Communist Power: Kashgar in the Early Twentieth Century

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Routledge, Aug 1, 2014 - Political Science - 288 pages

Xinjiang, China's far northwestern province where the majority of the population are Muslim Uyghurs, was for most of its history contested territory. On the Silk Road, a region of overlapping cultures, the province was virtually independent until the late nineteenth century, nominally part of the Qing Empire, with considerable interest taken in it by the British and the Russians as part of their Great Game rivalry in Asia. Ruled by warlords in the early twentieth century, it was occupied in 1949-50 by the People's Liberation Army, since when attempts have been made to integrate the province more fully into China. This book outlines the history of Xinjiang. It focuses on the key city of Kashgar, the symbolic heart of Uighur society, drawing on a large body of records in which ordinary people provided information on the period around the communist takeover. These records provide an exceptionally rich source, showing how ordinary Uyghurs lived their everyday lives before 1949 and how those lives were affected by the arrival of the Chinese Communist Party and its army. Subjects covered by the book include Eastern Turkestan independence, regional politics, local government, the military, taxation, education and the press.


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1 Silk Road city in the land of mountain and desert
2 Kashgar and the Chinese Republic 191149
3 Kashgar and the Eastern Turkestan Islamic Republic 193334
Illustrations from the Höök Collection
Britains ConsulateGeneral in Kashgar and Xinjiang under Governor Jin Shuren
the ConsulateGeneral and the 193334 revolt in southern Xinjiang
6 Communist activists in the Kashgar region during the 1930s and 1940s
Hu Dong in Tashkurgan
Wang Mo and Xinjiang Daily
Xu Liang
Zhou Chunlin
14 Abdukerimhan Mehsum and the 1933 revolt
15 Entry of the PLA into Kashgar and the peaceful liberation of Xinjiang
Bai Chushi in southern Xinjiang
17 Colonising Kashgar in the name of the people
Biographical notes

8 Tax and currency reform in Kashgar
Illustrations from the Höök Collection
Li Yunyang in Kashgar and Maralbashi Bachu
Wu Naijun in Kashgar and Maralbashi

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About the author (2014)

Michael Dillon is a frequent commentator on Chinese affairs for the BBC and other broadcasters. He was formerly Director of the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies at the University of Durham, UK, where he taught Chinese and Chinese History. His previous publications include China: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary, Contemporary China - An Introduction, China's Muslim Hui Community: Migration, Settlement and Sects and Xinjiang: China’s Muslim Far Northwest (all published by Routledge and RoutledgeCurzon). He has visited Xinjiang and carried out fieldwork throughout the region since 1991.

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