Birds and Climate Change
Academic Press, Nov 13, 2004 - Science - 276 pages
Temperature and other climate variables are currently changing at a dramatic rate. As observations have shown, these climatic changes have serious consequences for all organisms and their ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Birds are excellent model organisms, with a very active metabolism, they are highly sensitive to environmental changes and as highly mobile creatures they are also extremely reactive. Birds and Climate Change discusses our current knowledge of observed changes and provides guidelines for studies in the years to come so we can document and understand how patterns of changing weather conditions may affect birds.
* Provides reviews of long-term datasets
* Incorporates meta-analyses of studies about climate change effects on birds
* Includes guidelines and suggestions for further studies
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Chapter 2 Migratory Fuelling and Global Climate Change
Pitfalls and Prospects
Chapter 4 Breeding Dates and Reproductive Performance
Chapter 5 Global Climate Change Leads to Mistimed Avian Reproduction
Chapter 6 Analysis and Interpretation of LongTerm Studies Investigating Responses to Climate Change
Chapter 7 Photoperiodic Response and the Adaptability of Avian Life Cycles to Environmental Change
Chapter 8 Microevolutionary Response to Climatic Change
Chapter 9 Climate Influences on Avian Population Dynamics
Chapter 10 Importance of Climate Change for the Ranges Communities and Conservation of Birds
Chapter 11 The Challenge of Future Research on Climate Change and Avian Biology
A.P. Møller adaptive advancement analyses areas arrival date Avian Avian Biol Bairlein barn swallows Berthold Biol Bird Migration bird populations bird species blackcap blue tit Bo¨hning-Gaese breeding grounds breeding season Britain climate variables clutch collared flycatchers consequences Coppack correlations Crick and Sparks daylength distribution earlier Ecology effects of climate environment environmental conditions Evol Evolution evolutionary change Fiedler Figure garden warblers gene flow genetic variation global climate change Gwinner habitats hatching date Hu¨ppop increase individuals Kruuk Lambrechts latitude laying date Lehikoinen Lond long-distance migrants long-term mean phenotype Merila migratory activity migratory behaviour mistiming moult Noordwijk North Atlantic Oscillation northern observed Oecologia Ornithol Parmesan phenology phenotypic change phenotypic plasticity photoperiodic photoperiodic conditions pied flycatchers population dynamics predicted Proc Pulido range boundaries reaction norms recovery distances regions reproductive response mechanisms response to climate ringing Sæther selection shifts species richness studies traits Visser warming weather winter
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Page iii - Department of Biological Sciences, University of WisconsinMilwaukee, PO Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201...
Page 8 - ... instinctively aware of the proper date of departure for avoiding the winds to which they may be exposed in their wanderings and for eluding the local rains and hailstorms. They usually are able to choose a period of mild and favoring winds. North winds, either lateral or from the rear, are favorable, and they wait for them with the same sagacity that sailors exhibit when at sea.