This book investigates the psychology of victimization. It shows how fundamental assumptions about the world's meaningfulness and benevolence are shattered by traumatic events, and how victims become subject to self-blame in an attempt to accommodate brutality. The book is aimed at all those who for personal or professional reasons seek to understand what psychological trauma is and how to recover from it.
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Cognitive Conservatism and Resistance to Change
Disillusionment and Change in the Assumptive
Processing the Powerful New Data
The Crucial Role of Other
Some Final Thoughts
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accidents aftermath American Psychiatric Association anxiety associated assumptive world attributions basic assumptions behavioral self-blame believe benevolence blame breast cancer cancer catecholamine child cognitive conservatism conceptual system confront coping crime death denial disasters discussed disease distress effects emotional ence episodic memory example family members feel fundamental assumptions happen hindsight bias human illusions impact important incest individual inner world intense interactions interpretations intrusive involves Janoff-Bulman Journal Kolk Lifton meaningful misfortune nature negative events nevertheless nonvictims norepinephrine one's ourselves outcomes overwhelming life events particularly people's perceived percent person perspective positive post-traumatic stress post-traumatic stress disorder primacy effect psychological Psychological trauma PTSD rape victims reactions reality rebuilding reflect response role Sangrey schemas self-worth sense shattered Social Psychology social support strategies studies suggest survival theory thoughts threat threatening tion tive trauma survivors trauma victims traumatic event traumatic experience traumatic life events typically understanding victim-blaming W. H. Auden Wortman