Sunshine and Rainbows: The Development of Gay and Lesbian Culture in Queensland

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Univ. of Queensland Press, 2001 - Social Science - 244 pages
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"Sunshine and Rainbows" is a history of the development of homosexuality as an Australian subculture. Proceeding chronologically from the 1820s through to the vibrant alternative culture that exists in 2000, "Sunshine and Rainbows" argues that the manner in which gay and lesbian identity has been constructed in Queensland is typical of Australia generally. Beginning with isolated acts suppressed by criminal law and medical opinion, a homosexual identity developed, which by the mid-nineteenth century was based on male appropriation of public space.A clandestine social subculture was in place during the first half of the twentieth century. Despite continued relgious, social, legal and medical repression, it became an obvious part of Australian sexuality, expressed through Beats and early gathering places such as coffee shops, hotels, and theatres. Well developed in urban areas by the 1930s and 1940s, the subculture strengthened in the 1970s and 1980s, when clubs, gay commercial venues and political organisations emerged. The fight for gay law reform, recognition of the rights of same-sex partners, and of individuals affected by HIV/AIDS, continues today. "Sunshine and Rainbows" discusses the different roles of gay men and lesbians in the subculture, arguing that by the end of the twentieth century a transition had occurred to a fully-developed alternative culture.
 

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Contents

Symbols and Meanings
1
Colonial Law and Individuals
25
Was Queenslands First Premier Gay? Robert Herbert
43
Race and Sexuality
51
The Papuan and the Blond Chauffeur Brisbane 1926
57
Masculinity and the Beginnings
60
Men in Shared Accommodation
67
Passing Women Spinsters
74
Brisbane 1945
117
Bohemia Bars and Balls 1940s1960s
120
Coming of Age The Contemporary
142
Queenslands Beats 1980s1990s
149
Personal Advertisements
155
Gay Liberation Law Reform
161
Recognition in Townsville 197690
167
Queensland AIDS Council Beginnings 198587
175

Lilian Cooper and Josephine Bedford
81
Isaac and James Mayne
83
Cissies Cinemas and a
90
The Great Depression 1930s
96
Tropical Sexy Animality
105
Australias Fighting Men
111
Queensland Association for Gay Law Reform 198891
183
GayLesbianQueer Culture in the 1990s
190
Conclusion
213
Bibliography
219
Index
229
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Clive Moore is an Associate Professor in the History Department, The University of Queensland.

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