Terrorism: Protection of Witnesses and Collaborators of Justice, Volume 967
Council of Europe, 2006 - Law - 403 pages
The beginning of the twenty-first century has seen a resurgence of terrorist attacks on a scale previously unimaginable. In response, the Council of Europe has examined key areas in which it could contribute to the international community┐s efforts in the fight against terrorism and identified the protection of witnesses and collaborators of justice as one of its priorities. In order to combat terrorism, states often rely on the testimony of people who are closely connected to terrorist groups and who are more vulnerable than others to the use of intimidation against them or against people close to them. This may endanger the success of prosecutions often based on long and complicated investigations. Strengthening international co-operation in this field is also a useful means to ensure the protection of those persons whose protection would prove difficult on a merely national basis, given the conditions in the country where they are located. The Council of Europe has extensive experience in this area, based on existing European conventions and other standards. This publication contains the recently adopted standards in this field as well as a survey of national laws and practice in Council of Europe member and observer states together with an analytical report.
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
United States of America
Recommendation Rec20059 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states on the protection of witnesses and collaborator...
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accused acts of terrorism adopted agreements anonymous witnesses applied Article assessment Bosnia and Herzegovina change of identity co-operate with justice Code of Criminal collaborators of justice concerning Council of Europe court credibility Criminal Procedure criminal proceedings crown witness decision defence describe the framework European arrest warrant framework legal provisions giving evidence he/she his/her human rights implementation institutions international co-operation intimidation investigating judge judicial authorities measures e.g. measures protecting witnesses measures/programmes obtain legal assistance offences organised crime paragraph parties pentiti in relation pentiti to benefit pentito protection personal data persons close police possible for witnesses procedural measures prosecution protected person protection measures protection of witnesses protection programme provisions and established public prosecutor relation to acts relevant reply to question Republic of Azerbaijan Republic of Macedonia request sentence terrorist testify trial victims video-conference witness or pentito witness protection witness under threat witness’s witness/pentito witnesses and collaborators witnesses and pentiti