Historical Dictionary of the Peoples of the Southeast Asian Massif
Dwelling in the highland areas of Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma (Myanmar) and southwest China are hundreds of ethnic groups known as 'tribes' in popular literature. Some groups number barely more than one hundred, others millions. Together their population adds up to 80 million, more than any of the countries (bar China) they inhabit, yet in each they are designated and treated as 'minorities.' They have been forced to dwell in the highlands while their enemies have occupied the more fertile lowlands. This, coupled with the fact that they are so little known abroad and even at home, has caused their way of life and cultural distinctions to come in jeopardy. This book offers hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on about 200 groups, the six countries they live in, some of their leaders, and their political, economic, social, cultural and religious aspects. The chronology covers important events. The introduction discusses both the diversities and similarities of the groups' ethnicities, languages, religious practices, and customs. And the bibliography supplements the dictionary entries.
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agriculture Akha animistic areas Asia Austronesian Bahnaric Bangkok border Burma Burmese Cambodia Central Highlands century Chiang chieﬂy China Chinese colonial communist cultural Dong dwelling economic ethnic groups ethnographic ethnonym feudal ﬁrst ﬁve French French Indochina FULRO Guangxi Guizhou Hanoi highland groups highland minorities Hill Tribes Hmong inﬂuence Kachin Karen Khmer Khmu Kinh Lahu land language family Laos lineage linguistic Lisu live lowland mainland Southeast Asian major Miao Miao-Yao migration military million minority nationality missionaries Mnong Mon-Khmer Montagnards mountain muang national census national minorities Naxi neighbors Northern Thailand northern Vietnam Nung official ofﬁcially opium Palaung Peninsula People’s percent political population province script Second Indochina War Shan Sip Song Chau social socialist societies Southeast Asian massif Southeast Asian Studies southern southwest China speakers swiddening Tai-Kadai Tay Nguyen territory Thai Tibeto-Burman Tonkin tourist trade upland Vang Pao Viet Vietnamese western Yunnan Zhuang