Integrating Electrical Heating Elements in Product Design

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CRC Press, Apr 15, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 480 pages
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Offers details on the utilization of electrical heating elements in consumer appliance design and industrial processes. The text includes basic theory, metallurgy and production advice for developing more reliable and cost-effective heaters. It provides tables comparing resistivity and surface resistance of different materials, and listing the resistance and weight per metre as well as surface per ohm of whole and half B&S wire and ribbon sizes for common standard resistance heating alloys. The book also contains calculation equations suitable for use in BASIC programs.
 

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Contents

Metallic Resistance Heating Wire
1
12 METALLURGICAL BACKGROUND
4
13 OXIDATION RESISTANCE AND HEATER LIFE
6
CORROSION
24
15 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
27
16 MAGNETIC PROPERTIES AND NOISE
31
17 ELECTRIC RESISTANCE
33
18 OTHER PROPERTIES
43
52 COIL ON FLAT CERAMIC PLATE
194
53 WIRE ON CYLINDRICAL CERAMIC
195
54 OPEN MICA ELEMENT
209
55 TUBE HEATERS
214
56 PORCUPINE
225
57 BEADINSULATED COIL
228
58 CIGARETTE LIGHTER
230
59 COIL IN WATER
231

19 WIRE SURFACE LOAD
49
110 COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT WIRE ALLOYS
50
111 WIRE GAUGES
52
112 RIBBON AND RIBBON STANDARD SIZES
54
113 WEIGHT OF WIRE AND RIBBON
58
115 TOLERANCES
59
116 CHECKING RESISTANCE HEATING WIRE
60
Wires and Ribbons Made of Materials Different From Resistance Heating Alloys
63
22 THE HALOGEN TUBULAR HEATER
74
23 CERMET WIRE
75
REFERENCES
78
General Information About Electrical Heating Elements
81
32 HEAT TRANSFER
82
33 THE STRAIGHT WIRE
96
34 THE COIL
100
35 TERMINALS
131
36 CORRUGATED RIBBON
135
37 INSULATING MATERIALS
137
38 SAFETY RULES
151
39 ELEMENT CALCULATION
152
310 ELEMENT SURFACE LOAD AND TEMPERATURE OF ELEMENT AND WIRE
162
311 REQUIREMENTS FOR ELEMENTS
164
313 LIMITS FOR USE OF METAL WIRES
166
REFERENCES
167
Suspended Elements
169
42 STRAIGHT OR CORRUGATED WIRE OR RIBBON ON FIXED SUPPORTS
173
43 SUSPENDED COIL
176
44 ZIGZAG ELEMENTS
181
45 SUSPENDED PUNCHED STRIP
184
REFERENCES
186
Supported Elements
187
REFERENCES
232
Embedded Elements
235
61 METALSHEATHED TUBULAR ELEMENT
236
62 POWDER FILLED CARTRIDGE ELEMENT
306
63 EMBEDDED IN METAL GROOVE
310
64 EMBEDDED IN CERAMIC
314
66 SHEATHED MICA ELEMENT
315
67 FOIL ELEMENT
319
68 HEATING CABLE AND ROPE HEATER
336
69 EMBEDDED TUBE HEATERS FOR HEATING OF FLUIDS
338
610 EMBEDDED IN CERAMIC FIBER
339
REFERENCES
340
Film Elements
343
71 THIN FILM ELEMENTS
344
72 THICK FILM ELEMENTS
348
73 PRESSURESENSITIVE ELEMENTS
352
PTC Elements
355
82 PTC ELEMENTS OF THE CERAMIC TYPE
356
83 PTC ELEMENTS OF THE POLYMER TYPE
369
REFERENCES
371
Silicon Carbide and Carbon Elements
373
REFERENCES
375
Domestic Appliances and Heaters
377
101 COOKING
378
102 HEATING OF WATER AND BEVERAGES
379
103 DRYING AND IRONING
380
105 HAIR CARE
381
108 VEHICLES
382
Appendix
383
Index
449
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