Imagining the People: Chinese Intellectuals and the Concept of Citizenship, 1890-1920
Joshua A. Fogel, Peter Gue Zarrow
M.E. Sharpe, Oct 20, 1997 - History - 317 pages
Chinese (mainland and Taiwan), European, Japanese, Canadian, and North American scholars address a subject of increasing interest in modern Chinese and world history: the emergence of a modern citizenry. While much attention has focused to date on the rise of the modern Chinese nation, little or none has been directed at the important concomitant element of a politically active "citizenry" and what that might mean in a Chinese context. After a detailed introduction by the editors on this theme in Western and East Asian theory and practice, each essay examines a thinker or group of thinkers from the crucial transition period in modern China, 1890-1920, and assesses their views on how China might forge a modern society with a participatory political citizenry.
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1911 Revolution Beijing bourgeoisie cabinet Chang Hao Chen China Chinese intellectuals Chunqiu citizenry citizens civic civil society Classics common concept Confucian Confucius constitutional constitutionalists cultural democracy discourse early elite emperor essay establishment fengjian Fu Sinian gentry guomin Huang Huang Zunxian Hunan Ibid ideas imperial individual institutions Japan jieji junxian Kang Youwei late Qing Liang Qichao Liu Shipei Manchu ment Modern China monarchism moral nation-state national polity nineteenth century officials organizations parliament political parties popular provincial assemblies Qing dynasty Qing government reform movement reformist Ren xue republic republicanism revolutionary role rule Shanghai shehui Shibao Sitong social sphere study association study societies Taibei Tan Sitong Tan's Tang Caichang Text thought tion traditional University Press uprising Wang West Western Yan Fu Yinbingshi wenji Yuan Shikai Zhang Zhang Binglin Zhongguo Zhonghua shuju zizhi
Page 26 - Strand, there is no doubt that "by the end of the twenties, a major proportion of city people in China had reached a level of political consciousness commensurate with their formal status as citizens of a...
Page 36 - Military, 500-1300 158. Yu-ming Shaw, An American Missionary in China: John Leighton Stuart and Chinese-American Relations 159. James B. Palais, Politics and Policy in Traditional Korea 160.
Page 35 - Moreover, and it is this which shall interest us here, the nation state laid the foundations for cultural and ethnic homogeneity on the basis of which it then proved possible to push ahead with the democratization of government since the late eighteenth century, although this was achieved at the cost of excluding ethnic minorities.
Page 17 - Liang used the term xinmin to refer to both the renewal of the people and to a new citizenry. The renewal of the people, meaning essentially their moral rectification, was of course a central Confucian value, explicitly expressed in the Great Learning (Daxue), an ancient text incorporated into the basic educational curriculum by Zhu Xi ( 1 1 30- 1 200).