Rail Rapid Transit and Energy: A Re-examination of Current Conventional Wisdom
New York State Department of Transportation, Planning Division, 1983 - Local transit - 62 pages
Re-analysis of BART energy study by C.A. Lave: Rail rapid transit and energy: the adverse effects (Transportation research record 648, 1977)
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addressed Not addressed annual construction energy annual energy costs asphalt assumptions auto ownership auto trips diverted automobile BART vehicle BART's BBTU Freeway BTU/MJ BTU/pass BTU/pass-mi BTU/veh calculations calorific energy Caltrans car left home Congressional Budget Office construction energy costs D. K. BOYLE Department of Transportation Discussion Paper diverted to BART dollars energy efficiency energy factor energy saved freeway alternative highway capacity highway needed includes energy lost km service km/L km/trip lane-kilometers lane-km lane-mi Lave estimates lost in refining manufacture factor million veh MJ/kg MJ/pass MJ/pass-km MJ/veh MJ/veh-km MJ/vk mode mpg diesel NYSDOT operating energy parking garages pass-km pass-km x passenger-kilometers peak hour peak hr riders propulsive energy costs Pushkarev and Zupan rail transit system Research Record 648 ridership Section 15 report spaces station operations Transportation Research Board Transportation Research Record tunnel Urban Mass Transportation Usowicz and Hawley vehicle maintenance energy vehicle manufacture energy Washington