Verb Movement and Expletive Subjects in the Germanic Languages
This book is the study of two different kinds of variation across the Germanic languages. One involves the position of the finite verb, and the other the possible positions of the "logical" subject in constructions with expletive (or "dummy") subjects. The book applies the theory of Principles-and-Parameters to the study of comparative syntax. Several languages are considered, including less frequently discussed ones like Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, and Yiddish.
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active transitive adjunction adverbial agreement alternative licensing antecedent government associate NP assume base-generated Belletti bukh c-commanded Chomsky complementiser CP-recursion D-structure Danish daſ Dutch element embedded clauses embedded CP embedded questions embedded V2 embedded V2 clauses English ergative ergative verb examples expletive subject expletive-associate chain external argument extraction Faroese film finite verb gekommen geleyent Germanic languages grammatical Helgi Holmberg Icelandic and Yiddish indefinite NP independent V*-to-I inflection intransitive IP-spec analysis IPsp VPsp VPsp Jón Kinder komen zult kommet left dislocation lexical main clauses main verb ment move movement negation Norwegian object shift occur Örugglega Peter Platzack position possible predicates preposition properly head governed raising verbs referential relativised minimality Rizzi Santorini small clause spec spec-X stylistic fronting Swedish thematic role theta-assigner theta-role tion topicalisation to IP-spec trace transitive verb ungrammaticality V2 languages Vikner West Flemish wh-element whereas Yiddish and Icelandic yingl
Page 16 - Relativized Minimality: X a-governs Y only if there is no Z such that (i) Z is a typical potential a-governor for Y, (ii) Z c-commands Y and does not c-command X.
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