Demon Lovers: Witchcraft, Sex, and the Crisis of Belief

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University of Chicago Press, 2002 - History - 451 pages
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On September 20, 1587, Walpurga Hausmännin of Dillingen in southern Germany was burned at the stake as a witch. Although she had confessed to committing a long list of maleficia (deeds of harmful magic), including killing forty—one infants and two mothers in labor, her evil career allegedly began with just one heinous act—sex with a demon. Fornication with demons was a major theme of her trial record, which detailed an almost continuous orgy of sexual excess with her diabolical paramour Federlin "in many divers places, . . . even in the street by night."

As Walter Stephens demonstrates in Demon Lovers, it was not Hausmännin or other so-called witches who were obsessive about sex with demons—instead, a number of devout Christians, including trained theologians, displayed an uncanny preoccupation with the topic during the centuries of the "witch craze." Why? To find out, Stephens conducts a detailed investigation of the first and most influential treatises on witchcraft (written between 1430 and 1530), including the infamous Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of Witches).

Far from being credulous fools or mindless misogynists, early writers on witchcraft emerge in Stephens's account as rational but reluctant skeptics, trying desperately to resolve contradictions in Christian thought on God, spirits, and sacraments that had bedeviled theologians for centuries. Proof of the physical existence of demons—for instance, through evidence of their intercourse with mortal witches—would provide strong evidence for the reality of the supernatural, the truth of the Bible, and the existence of God. Early modern witchcraft theory reflected a crisis of belief—a crisis that continues to be expressed today in popular debates over angels, Satanic ritual child abuse, and alien abduction.

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User Review  - AuntieClio - LibraryThing

The basic thesis of "Demon Lovers" is that when Catholicism began to confront the many inconsistencies of the Bible and theological dogma, proving that demons and, therefore, angels existed in a ... Read full review

Demon lovers: witchcraft, sex, and the crisis of belief

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Rosemary's Baby fans be forewarned: there is little entertainment but much ponderous discussion about theological history in this book on the Christian obsession with sex and demons during the 15th ... Read full review


Sex Fiends
Witchcraft Theory Copulation with Demons as Carnal Knowledge
Why Women? The Malleus Maleficarum
Sexy Devils How They Got Bodies
Incredible Sex Confronting the Difficulty of Belief
From Dreams to Reality Why Witches Fly
Experiments with Witches
The Theory of Witchcraft Power
Illusion and Reality Part One Crib Death and Stealthy Cats
Illusion and Reality Part Two Witches Who Steal Penises
Interview with the Demon From Exorcism to Witchcraft
Witchcraft Body and Soul
Talking around the Unspeakable
Works Cited

This Is My Body Witches and Desecration
Witches Infanticide and Power

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About the author (2002)

Walter Stephens is the Charles S. Singleton Professor of Italian Studies at The Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Giants in Those Days: Folklore, Ancient History, and Nationalism and coeditor of Discourses of Authority in Medieval and Renaissance Literature.

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