Toleration in Enlightenment Europe

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Cambridge University Press, 2000 - History - 270 pages
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The Enlightenment is often seen as the great age of religious and intellectual toleration, and this volume is the first systematic pan-European survey of the theory, practice, and very real limits to toleration in eighteenth century Europe. A powerful team of contributors demonstrate how the publicists of the European Enlightenment developed earlier ideas about toleration, gradually widening the desire for religious toleration into a philosophy of freedom seen as a fundamental precondition for a civilised society. Despite this, advances in toleration nonetheless remained fragile and often short-lived.
 

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Contents

Toleration in Enlightenment Europe
1
Toleration and the Enlightenment Movement
23
Multiculturalism and Ethnic Cleansing in the Enlightenment
69
Intolerance the Virtue of Princes and Radicals
86
Spinoza Locke and the Enlightenment Battle for Toleration
102
Toleration and Enlightenment in the Dutch Republic
114
Toleration and Citizenship in Enlightenment England John Toland and the Naturalization of the Jews 17141753
133
Citizenship and Religious Toleration in France
157
A Tolerant Society? Religious Toleration in the Holy Roman Empire 16481806
175
Enlightenment in the Habsburg Monarchy History of a Belated and ShortLived Phenomenon
196
Toleration in Eastern Europe the Dissident Question in EighteenthCentury Poland Lithuania
212
Toleration in Enlightenment Italy
230
Inquisition Tolerance and Liberty in EighteenthCentury Spain
250
Index
259
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About the author (2000)

Ole Peter Grell is Reader in History at the Open University. His previous publications include The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (as co-author, Cambridge University Press, 2000) and The Impact of the European Reformation: Princes, Clergy and People (as co-editor, 2008).

Roy Sydney Porter was born December 31, 1946. He grew up in a south London working class home. He attended Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell, and won an unheard of scholarship to Cambridge. His starred double first in history at Cambridge University (1968) led to a junior research fellowship at his college, Christ's, followed by a teaching post at Churchill College, Cambridge. His Ph.D. thesis, published as The Making Of Geology (1977), became the first of more than 100 books that he wrote or edited. Porter was a Fellow and Director of Studies in History at Churchill College, Cambridge from 1972 to 1979; Dean from 1977 to 1979; Assistant Lecturer in European History at Cambridge University from 1974 to 1977, Lecturer from 1977 to 1979. He joined the Wellcome Institute fot the History of Medicine in 1979 where he was a Senior Lecturer from 1979 to 1991, a Reader from 1991 to 1993, and finally a Professor in the Social History of Medicine from 1993 to 2001. Porter was Elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1994, and he was also made an honorary fellow by both the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Roy Porter died March 4, 2002, at the age of 55.

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