Forgotten Children: Parent-Child Relations from 1500 to 1900
'The history of childhood is an area so full of errors, distortion and misinterpretation that I thought it vital, if progress were to be made, to supply a clear review of the information on childhood contained in such sources as diaries and autobiographies.' Dr Pollock's statement in her Preface will startle readers who have not questioned the validity of recent theories on the evolution of childhood and the treatment of children, theories which see a movement from a situation where the concept of childhood was almost absent, and children were cruelly treated, to our present western recognition that children are different and should be treated with love and affection. Linda examines this thesis particularly through the close and careful analysis of some hundreds of English and American primary sources. Through these sources, she has been able to reconstruct, probably for the first time, a genuine picture of childhood in the past, and it is a much more humane and optimistic picture than the current stereotype. Her book contains a mass of novel and original material on child-rearing practices and the relations of parents and children, and sets this in the wider framework of developmental psychology, socio-biology and social anthropology. Forgotten Children admirably fulfils the aim of its author. In the face of this scholarly and elegant account of the continuity of parental care, few will now be able to argue for dramatic transformations in the twentieth century.
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18th century adults advice literature Alcott American diarists anxiety appear argues Aries attitudes to children autobiographies baby behaviour believed birth Blundell Boscawen Boswell British diarists British Library Byrd child abuse child diarists child-rearing claims Clifford concept of childhood concerned contain corporal punishment cruelty crying daughter death described diary distress Elizabeth example father feelings Gaskell Greven history of childhood ill-treated indifference infanticide infants Jefferay John Josselin Journal K-selected London Lovell Macfarlane manuscript Mary Mause methods of discipline Mildmay mother Newson & Newson noted nurse obedience offspring parent-child relationship Parent-offspring conflict past period physical punishment Pinchbeck & Hewitt play Powys Puritan Ralph Josselin rearing recalled recorded referred regarded religious reveal Russell school discipline Sewall social society sociobiological sons sources of evidence Stone texts theory thought Thrale University Press Wallington weaning Weeton wet-nurse whipped William wished writing wrote young