Research Required to Support Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Monitoring

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National Academies Press, Aug 1, 1997 - Political Science - 150 pages
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On September 24, 1996, President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty at the United Nations Headquarters. Over the next five months, 141 nations, including the four other nuclear weapon states -- Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom -- added their signatures to this total ban on nuclear explosions. To help achieve verification of compliance with its provisions, the treaty specifies an extensive International Monitoring System of seismic, hydroacoustic, infrasonic, and radionuclide sensors. This volume identifies specific research activities that will be needed if the United States is to effectively monitor compliance with the treaty provisions.

 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
7
2 CTBT Monitoring Technical Challenges that Drive Research
23
Research Priorities
49
4 US Research Infrastructure
83
5 Conclusions and Recommendations
89
References
97
A Statement of Task
101
B Research Support History
103
C Seismic Event Location
107
D Seismic Magnitudes and Source Strengths
113
E Hydroacoustics
121
F Infrasonics
125
G Radionuclide Source Term Ranges for Different Test Scenarios
131
H Acronyms
137
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