Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences California Institute of Technology Heinz A. Lowenstam Professor Emeritus, Isotope Department Weizmann Institute of Science Stephen Weiner Associate Professor, Rehovot
Oxford University Press, USA, Apr 6, 1989 - Science - 336 pages
Focusing on the basic principles of mineral formation by organisms, this comprehensive volume explores questions that relate to a wide variety of fields, from biology and biochemistry, to paleontology, geology, and medical research. Preserved fossils are used to date geological deposits and archaeological artifacts. Materials scientists investigate mineralized tissues to determine the design principles used by organisms to form strong materials. Many medical problems are also associated with normal and pathological mineralization. Lowenstam, the pioneer researcher in biomineralization, and Weiner discuss the basic principles of mineral formation by organisms and compare various mineralization processes. Reference tables listing all known cases in which organisms form minerals are included.
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Controlled and Uncontrolled Biomineralization Processes
The Real World
SOME NONSKELETAL FUNCTIONS
Functions of Biologically Formed Magnetite Crystals
An Iron Storage Macromolecule
Increase in the Amount of Biogenic Mineral Formed in Marine Warm
Environmental Influences on Trace Element and Oxygen Isotopic
Environmental Influence on Skeletal Growth
acidic glycoproteins Addadi algae amelogenins amino acid amorphous calcium aragonite bacteria Biochem biogenic minerals Biol biological biomineralization bivalve bone calcite calcite crystals calcium carbonate calcium phosphate Cambrian cartilage cells Chapter chitons Cnidaria coccolith collagen collagen fibrils composed composition crystal growth crystalline cuticle dahllite dentin deposition diatoms diffraction electron enamel enamelins enameloid environment extracellular ferritin foraminifera fossil record framework function gastropods Geol glycoproteins granules growth lines hydroxyapatite ions isotopic Kirschvink known layer Lowenstam macromolecules magnetite major marine membrane micrographs million years ago mineral phase mineralization processes mineralized hard mineralized tissues minerals formed molecular mollusks morphology nucleation occurs oceans opal organic matrix periostracum phyla phylum plate protein proteoglycans protoctists Radiolaria ro ro Scale bar sea urchin shell silica skeletal skeletons species spicule formation spicules Statoconia Statocyst structure studies substrate sulfate surface Table teeth temperature Tissue Res tooth ultrastructure vaterite vertebrates vitro Volcani Watabe Weiner