Brücke: the birth of Expressionism in Dresden and Berlin, 1905-1913
"Anyone who directly and genuinely renders what drives him to create is one of us," proclaimed the manifesto of Die Br cke(The Bridge), a close-knit group of artists who first met in Dresden in 1905. Its founding members were four Jugendstil architecture students: Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Eschewing the contemporary academic styles and subjects, these four artists instead looked to their German art heritage to make "a bridge" with the past, favoring such artists as Albrecht D rer, Matthias Gr newald and Lucas Cranach the Elder. They also drew on Fauvist and Primitivist art in their quest for unhindered expression and, with this combination of resources, propelled German art into the twentieth century. In works by Die Br cke, color diverged from nature and became a record of emotion; forms were radically simplified, or exaggerated and distorted; bohemian subject matter argued for a Socialist politics. Their nudes, landscapes and urban scenes--featuring depictions of dances, cabarets, caf s and the sorts of street encounters that were typical of Berlin in the years after 1911--are among the greatest works produced by early-twentieth-century artists. Containing important paintings, sculptures and prints by Heckel, Kirchner, Otto Mueller, Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, this invaluable volume is a definitive record of the birth of Expressionism.
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National Identity and International Style
ROSECAROL WASHTON LONG
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abstract Abstract Art Amiet architecture art historian associated avant-garde Barr Bathers Berlin Secession Blaue Reiter Briicke Brücke Brucke artists Brucke exhibition Brucke group Brucke members Brucke's catalogue Chemnitz Chronik der KG cited Cologne color critics Cubism cultural Cuno Amiet Dangast Davos Degenerate Art Emil Nolde Erich Heckel Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Fauvism figure Franzi French Fritz Bleyl Galerie Ernst Arnold German art German artists German Expressionism German Expressionist Gogh Gogh's Gothic Group Brucke Grunewald Heckel and Kirchner Hermann Max Pechstein Jugendstil Karl Schmidt-Rottluff KG Brucke Kunst Kunstler Lithograph on paper Modern Art Moritzburg movement Munich Museum of Art Museum of Modern National Socialists Nazis Neue Galerie Neue Secession Nietzsche Nolde's nude Oil on canvas painters painting Palau Paul portfolio Post-lmpressionist poster prints Private Collection Reinhold Rembrandt Rose-Carol Washton Long sculpture Self-Portrait Serge Sabarsky Collection Sonderbund Sonderbund exhibition Strasse studio style Wilhelm Woodcut on paper Worringer York