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abstract Adam Smith admit answer apply argue arguments assertion assume assumption become believe causes ceteris paribus civilised competition course creed deist denounce depends desire doctrine dogmas doubt duty economic Economists equality ethical evil example experience extirpated fact fallacy fancy forces formulae genuine give hope human implies importance individual industrial instincts intellectual interests involved J. S. Mill justice justify labour laws least LESLIE STEPHEN logical Malthus means ment method mind moral motives nature observed obvious organisation organism pauperism perhaps Political Economy poor position precise principles problems Professor Huxley Protestant Reformation purely qualities question race realised reason regard rich Robert Owen scientific scientific methods seems selfish sense sheep social Socialists society sociology speak spirit struggle for existence suggests suppose suppress theory things tion true truth unjust Utopia vast wages wealth whole
Page 217 - Ethical nature may count upon having to reckon with a tenacious and powerful enemy as long as the world lasts.
Page 191 - To be attached to the subdivision, to love the little platoon we belong to in society, is the first principle (the germ as it were) of public affections. It is the first link in the series by which we proceed towards a love to our country, and to mankind.
Page 42 - Titanic forces taking birth In divers seasons, divers climes ; For we are Ancients of the earth, And in the morning of the times.
Page 136 - They forget that wherever competition is not, monopoly is; and that monopoly, in all its forms, is the taxation of the industrious for the support of indolence, if not of plunder.
Page 248 - ... cannot be altered, however much we may alter" the conduct which it dictates. Under all conceivable circumstances, the race has to adapt itself to the environment, and that necessarily implies a conflict as well as an alliance. The preservation of the fittest, which is surely a good thing, is merely another aspect of the dying out of the unfit, which is hardly a bad thing.
Page 215 - the essential condition of all social improvement is not that we should have this or that system of regulations, but that the individual should be manly, self-respecting, doing his duty as well as getting his pay, and deeply convinced that nothing will do any permanent good which does not imply the elevation of the individual in his standards of honesty, independence and good conduct...
Page 231 - ... if you please, from a blind instinct which somehow determines her to the practice. She does not look forward, we may suppose, to bringing up a family, or speculate upon the delights of domestic affection. I only say that as a fact she behaves in a way which is at once injurious to her own chances of survival and absolutely necessary to the survival of the species. The abnormal bird who deserts her nest escapes many dangers ; but if all birds were devoid of the instinct, the birds would not survive...
Page 228 - If some, therefore, are in conflict, others are mutually necessary. If the wolf ate all the sheep, and the sheep ate all the grass, the result would be the extirpation of all the sheep and all the wolves, as well as all the grass. The struggle necessarily implies reciprocal dependence in a countless variety of ways. There is not only a conflict, but a system of tacit alliances.
Page 239 - I will not pause to insist upon this so far as regards many qualities which are certainly moral, though they may be said to refer primarily to the individual. That chastity and temperance, truthfulness and energy, are, on the whole, advantages both to the individual and to the race, does not, I fancy, require elaborate proof ; nor need I argue at length that the races in which they are common will therefore have inevitable advantages in the struggle for existence.