Film Festivals: From European Geopolitics to Global Cinephilia
The film festival has come a long way from its relatively humble origins in Venice in 1932—when nine nations presented twenty-five feature films screened in an open-air cinema where men had to adhere to standards of formal evening attire. Hugely popular events that attract diverse lovers of cinema worldwide, today’s most famous film festivals—Cannes, Berlin, Venice, and Rotterdam—continue the story of a phenomenon that began in the midst of geopolitical disputes in war-torn Europe. Film Festivals shows how these festivals turned impediments into advantages and developed a successful global network that addresses issues as diverse as programming and prizes, national legitimation, city marketing, cinephilia, glamour, and audience. Discussing the festival as a media event and looking closer at various festival visitors, this volume also questions whether “successful” is in fact the appropriate term for understanding developments that could be considered dogmatic in their insistence on framing filmmakers as auteurs and films as belonging to “new waves.” An essential title for everyone interested in the culture, politics, and history that surround the celebration of cinema, Film Festivals proves that the movies are still our greatest—and most fêted—escape
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accreditation actors American argue art cinema art houses artistic attention audience auteur avant-garde awards became Berlin Berlin Film Festival Berlinale Cannes Film Festival cinephiles cinephilia commercial competition contemporary distribution dominant East Berlin economic Elsaesser Europe European cinemas example exhibition festival director festival event festival in Cannes festival network festival phenomenon festival programming festival’s FIAPF film critics film culture film festival circuit Film Festival Rotterdam film market film professionals Forum geopolitical George Clooney glamour global Hadeln historical Hollywood IFFR important independent interest international film festival interview journalists jury Latour locations Lost in Translation major Miramax Moritz de Hadeln Mostra national cinemas national film offers organization participation political political cinema popular position Potsdamer Platz premières prizes production screenings selection spatial stars strategies successful Sundance talent theatres thematic theory tion tional transformation various Venice Venice Film Festival Vinterberg world cinema