The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, Volume 2

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D. Appleton, 1872 - Evolution
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Review: The Descent of Man

User Review  - Zach - Goodreads

The Descent of Man, the first section, advances Darwin's argument that the evolution by natural selection that he described in Origin of Species applies to man as well. It's obviously a hugely ... Read full review

Review: The Descent of Man

User Review  - Brian Huskie - Goodreads

I'm fascinated with scientific attempts to explain culture and race throughout history. I don't think we spend enough time talking about scientific consensus on race a hundred years ago or less, and ... Read full review

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Page 382 - The astonishment which I felt on first seeing a party of Fuegians on a wild and broken shore will never be forgotten by me, for the reflection at once rushed into my mind: Such were our ancestors. These men were absolutely naked and bedaubed with paint, their long hair was tangled, their mouths frothed with excitement, and their expression was wild, startled, and distrustful. They possessed hardly any arts, and like wild animals lived on what they could catch; they had no government, and were merciless...
Page 365 - ... on the same plan with that of other mammals — the occasional reappearance of various structures, for instance of several distinct muscles, which man does not normally possess, but which are common to the Quadrumana — and a crowd of analogous facts — all point in the plainest manner to the conclusion that man is the co-descendant with other mammals of a common progenitor.
Page 381 - Man scans with scrupulous care the character and pedigree of his horses, cattle, and dogs before he matches them ; but when he comes to his own marriage he rarely, or never, takes any such care.
Page 368 - In the dim obscurity of the past we can see that the early progenitor of all the Vertebrata must have been an aquatic animal, provided with branchiae, with the two sexes united in the same individual, and with the most important organs of the body (such as the brain and heart) imperfectly developed. This animal seems to have been more like the larvae of our existing marine Ascidians than any other known form.
Page 343 - This is a feeling by no means peculiar to them. " An intelligent Kandyan chief with whom Mr. Bailey visited these Veddahs was ' perfectly scandalised at the utter barbarism of living with only one wife, and never parting until separated by death.
Page 381 - Man, like every other animal, has no doubt advanced to his present high condition through a struggle for existence, consequent on his rapid multiplication, and if he is to advance still higher it is to be feared that he must remain subject to a severe struggle ; otherwise he would sink into indolence, and the more gifted men would not be more successful in the battle of life than the less gifted.
Page 436 - ... well by those who are hostile as those who are friendly to his conclusions. In it, scientific and philosophical topics are handled with consummate ability. It is remarkable for purity of style and power of expression. Nowhere, in any modern work, is the advancement of the pursuit of that natural knowledge, which is of vital importance to bodily and mental well-being, so ably handled. Professor Huxley is undoubtedly the representative scientific man of the age. His reverence for the right and...
Page 434 - Personally and practically exercised in zoology, in minute anatomy, in geology, a student of geographical distribution, not in maps and in museums. but by long voyages and laborious collection ; having largely advanced each of these branches of science, and having spent many years in gathering and sifting materials for his present work. the store of accuratelyregistered facts upon which the author of the ' Origin of Species ' is able to draw at will is prodigious."— Professor TH Huxley.
Page 368 - We thus learn that man is descended from a hairy quadruped, furnished with a tail and pointed ears, probably arboreal in its habits, and an inhabitant of the Old World. This creature, if its whole structure had been examined by a naturalist, would have been classed amongst the Quadrumana, as surely as would the common and still more ancient progenitor of the Old and New "World monkeys.
Page 435 - This interesting work— for it is intensely so in its aim, scope, and the ability of its author— treats of what the scientists denominate anthropology, or the natural history of the human species ; the complete science or man, body, and soul, including sex, temperament, race, civilization, etc."— Providence Press.

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