Vanity Fair: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Contents, Criticism

Front Cover
"Backgrounds and Contexts" is arranged under three headings.† "Compositionand Publication History" combines modern scholarship with contemporarymaterials to elucidate the novel's composition and publication historyand present different aspects of Thackeray's life and work. "Reception" reprints ten contemporary reviews, both published andunpublished, that suggest the tone of Vanity Fair's initial reception. "Contexts" includes materials relating to governesses, historical novels,the Battle of Waterloo and the military, bankruptcy, regency fashions,and the London landscape, all of which figure prominently in the novel.

"Criticism" is a collection of nine essays written between 1900 and 1990that reveal the developing response to Vanity Fair.† William C.Brownell, David Cecil, G. Armour Craig, John Loofbourow, Peter K.Garrett, Richard Barickman, Susan MacDonald, Myra Stark, Ina Ferris,Catherine Peters, and James Phelan provide varied perspectives.

A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.

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About the author (1994)

William Makepeace Thackeray was born in Calcutta, India, where his father was in service to the East India Company. After the death of his father in 1816, he was sent to England to attend school. Upon reaching college age, Thackeray attended Trinity College, Cambridge, but he left before completing his degree. Instead, he devoted his time to traveling and journalism. Generally considered the most effective satirist and humorist of the mid-nineteenth century, Thackeray moved from humorous journalism to successful fiction with a facility that was partially the result of a genial fictional persona and a graceful, relaxed style. At his best, he held up a mirror to Victorian manners and morals, gently satirizing, with a tone of sophisticated acceptance, the inevitable failure of the individual and of society. He took up the popular fictional situation of the young person of talent who must make his way in the world and dramatized it with satiric directness in The Luck of Barry Lyndon (1844), with the highest fictional skill and appreciation of complexities inherent within the satiric vision in his masterpiece, Vanity Fair (1847), and with a great subtlety of point of view and background in his one historical novel, Henry Esmond (1852). Vanity Fair, a complex interweaving in a vast historical panorama of a large number of characters, derives its title from John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and attempts to invert for satirical purposes, the traditional Christian image of the City of God. Vanity Fair, the corrupt City of Man, remains Thackeray's most appreciated and widely read novel. It contrasts the lives of two boarding-school friends, Becky Sharp and Amelia Smedley. Constantly attuned to the demands of incidental journalism and his sense of professionalism in his relationship with his public, Thackeray wrote entertaining sketches and children's stories and published his humorous lectures on eighteenth-century life and literature. His own fiction shows the influence of his dedication to such eighteenth-century models as Henry Fielding, particularly in his satire, which accepts human nature rather than condemns it and takes quite seriously the applicability of the true English gentleman as a model for moral behavior. Thackeray requested that no authorized biography of him should ever be written, but members of his family did write about him, and these accounts were subsequently published.

Peter L. Shillingsburg is Professor of English at Mississippi State University. He is the author of Pegasus in Harness: Victorian Publishing and William Makepeace Thackeray and Scholarly Editing in the Computer Age . He is the editor of the Garland Press editions of Thackeray's Flore et Z»phyr, Yellowplush, Vanity Fair , and Pendennis as well as Poems of Howell Gwin . Shillingsburg has been visiting professor at the Australian Defence Force Academy and was also a Guggenheim Fellow.

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