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abstract Adam Smith appears become bourgeois bullion buyer capital capitalist circulation of commodities circulation of money commodity owner concrete category constitutes consumption culation currency David Ricardo determined distribution duction economists English exchange value existence expressed fact function gold and silver gold as money hand hoarding ideal individual latter material means of payment means of purchase measure of value medium of circulation metamorphosis modities money in circulation movement natural ounce of gold owners of commodities political economy pounds sterling precious metals prices of commodities process of circulation process of exchange proportion quantity of gold quantity of labor-time quantity of money realized relations of production represent Ricardo seller shilling social labor sphere of circulation standard of price Steuart tion token of value universal equivalent universal labor-time use-value value of commodities value of gold value of money wealth yard of linen
Page 11 - At a certain stage of their development the material forces of production in society come into conflict with the existing relations of production, or — what is but a legal expression for the same thing - with the property relations within which they had been at work before. From forms of development of the forces of production these relations turn into their fetters.
Page 11 - The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness.
Page 57 - I have long aimed at) to express myself in Terms of Number, Weight, or Measure ; to use only Arguments of Sense, and to consider only such Causes, as have visible Foundations in Nature...
Page 12 - With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed. In considering such transformations a distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic or philosophic — in short ideological forms in which men become conscious...
Page 12 - No social order ever disappears before all the productive forces for which there is room in it have been developed; and new higher relations of production never appear before the material conditions of their existence have matured in the womb of the old society itself.
Page 13 - The bourgeois relations of production are the last antagonistic form of the social process of production — antagonistic not in the sense of individual antagonism, but of one arising from the social conditions of life of the individuals; at the same time the productive forces developing in the womb of bourgeois society create the material conditions for the solution of that antagonism. This social formation brings, therefore, the prehistory of human society to a close.
Page 268 - Man is in the most literal sense of the word a zoon politikon, not only a social animal, but an animal which can develop into an individual only in society.
Page 13 - ... we can designate the Asiatic, the ancient, the feudal, and the modern bourgeois methods of production as so many epochs in the progress of the economic formation of society.