A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece (Hesperia Supplement 34)
This innovative study of the southwestern Peloponnese or Morea combines the study of unpublished Ottoman documents, other historical sources, and the results of archaeological fieldwork to explore the historical and economic geography of a particular region of Greece in the early 18th century, the period immediately following the Ottoman reconquest of this region from Venice. Central to the book is a translation of the section of an Ottoman cadastral survey (defter) listing in great detail properties in the district (kaza) of Anavarin (Navarino, modern Pylos). An introductory chapter outlines the history and methodology of the research project, while the translation is followed by chapters that provide a broader context, drawing on other sources for the information contained in the document and the principles behind its composition. A final chapter summarizes the conclusions drawn from the research, and a series of appendixes offer additional detail, including concordances of the personal- and place-names, an index of properties described, narrative histories of the two fortresses in the region, and a new English translation of the Anavarin section of the 17th-century Turkish traveler Evliya Celebi's Travel Book (Seyahatname). A facsimile of the document itself and color versions of all illustrations are provided as online supplements.
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List of Illustrations
Transliteration of Modern Greek and Pronunciation
Map The Ottoman eastern Mediterranean and Ottoman Greece xxxii
Evlya Çelebs Account of Anavarn
The Fortress of Anavarn Cedd
Construction of the Ottoman Castle
½ çift 18th century Ahmed akçes Al-Hac Alafine Anavarin Anavarin-i atik Anavarin-i cedid Arkadiye Ayios Balta Barley beehives Bennet Chap çift of land çiftlik cultivated Davis defter dependency of Anavarin district of Anavarin documents dönüms Efendi Elaiofyto empty Expédition fig trees figures Filiatra FTLI Georgacas and McDonald Greece Greek Hasan A¤a Head tax Hoca Huri imperial ispence Istanbul Janissary kadı Karunihuri karye Kavalari kaza kiles of seeds klina Koron Kurd Kurd Bey kuruﬂes Lefku lemon trees lidre lower rooms mazraca Mehmed Messenia Mezistre Mîrî modern village Modon Morea mukataca mulberry trees Muslim Mustafa Muzuste nalcık Navarino Nikula non-Muslim olive one-seventh Osman A¤a 15 Ottoman empire pairs of oxen Papla Pasha place-name population Pouqueville Pylos reaya recorded registered revenue ruin Rustem A¤a settlement sharecroppers Sheep tax sipahis tarlas tax-farms timar toponyms total tithes Tragana trees Tithe Turkish varıﬂ Venetian vukiyyes wheat Yani Yor¤u Yufiri Zarinebaf