Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 4, Spagyrical Discovery and Invention: Apparatus, Theories and Gifts

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 25, 1980 - Science - 804 pages
The fifth volume of Dr Needham's immense undertaking, like the fourth, is subdivided into parts for ease of assimilation and presentation, each part bound and published separately. The volume as a whole covers the subjects of alchemy, early chemistry, and chemical technology (which includes military invention, especially gunpowder and rockets; paper and printing; textiles; mining and metallurgy; the salt industry; and ceramics).
 

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Contents

List of Illustrations
xiii
List of Tables
xxiii
List of Abbreviations
xxv
Acknowledgements
xxix
Authors Note
xxxi
ALCHEMY AND CHEMISTRY continued page
1
1 The laboratory bench p
10
2 The stoves lu and tsao P II
16
vi The geographical distribution of still types p
103
8 The coming of Ardent Water p
121
i The Salernitan quintessence p
122
ii Ming naturalists p
132
iii Thang burntwine p
141
iv Liang frozenout wine p
151
v From icy mountain to torrid still p
155
vi Oils in stills the rose and the flamethrower p
158

4 The sealed reactionvessels shen shih aludel lit magical reaction chamber and yao fu chemical pyx p
22
5 Steaming apparatus waterbaths cooling jackets condenser tubes and temperature stabilisers p
26
6 Sublimation apparatus p
44
7 Distillation and extraction apparatus P
55
ii The distillation of seawater p
60
iii East Asian types of still p
62
iv The stills of the Chinese alchemists p
68
v The evolution of the still p
80
9 Laboratory instruments and accessory equipment p
162
8 Reactions in aqueous medium p
167
h The theoretical background of elixir alchemy with Nathan Sivin p
210
i Comparative macrobiotics P
323
693
653
GENERAL INDEX
693
Table of Chinese Dynasties
761
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