Demons in Eden: The Paradox of Plant Diversity
At the heart of evolution lies a bewildering paradox. Natural selection favors above all the individual that leaves the most offspring—a superorganism of sorts that Jonathan Silvertown here calls the "Darwinian demon." But if such a demon existed, this highly successful organism would populate the entire world with its own kind, beating out other species and eventually extinguishing biodiversity as we know it. Why then, if evolution favors this demon, is the world filled with so many different life forms? What keeps this Darwinian demon in check? If humankind is now the greatest threat to biodiversity on the planet, have we become the Darwinian demon?
Demons in Eden considers these questions using the latest scientific discoveries from the plant world. Readers join Silvertown as he explores the astonishing diversity of plant life in regions as spectacular as the verdant climes of Japan, the lush grounds of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, the shallow wetlands and teeming freshwaters of Florida, the tropical rainforests of southeast Mexico, and the Canary Islands archipelago, whose evolutionary novelties—and exotic plant life—have earned it the sobriquet "the Galapagos of botany." Along the way, Silvertown looks closely at the evolution of plant diversity in these locales and explains why such variety persists in light of ecological patterns and evolutionary processes. In novel and useful ways, he also investigates the current state of plant diversity on the planet to show the ever-challenging threats posed by invasive species and humans.
Bringing the secret life of plants into more colorful and vivid focus than ever before, Demons in Eden is an empathic and impassioned exploration of modern plant ecology that unlocks evolutionary mysteries of the natural world.
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adaptive radiation agriculture alien plants American Argyranthemum artiﬁcial bamboo biodiversity botanical branches Brazilian pepper Canary Islands canola canopy chalk grassland chapter clade coexist colonization competition Darwin Darwinian demon desert diﬀerent diﬃcult dispersal ecologist Ecology ecosystem eﬀects endemic Erasmus Darwin Everglades evolution evolutionary evolved extinct fertilizer ﬁeld ﬁfteen ﬁfty ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁr waves ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂora Florida ﬂowering plants ﬂowers Fuerteventura garden genes genetic GM crops grow growth hectare herbicide herbivores hybrid insects invade invasive Janzen Joseph Hooker leaves Liebig Macaronesia meadow meters million molecular Mount Shimagare Mountain native natural enemies natural selection niche Nitch nitrogen Nutches nutrients oﬀ oﬀspring olive paperbark Park Grass phylogeny plant communities plant diversity plant species plot pollen populations problem produce purple loosestrife rbcL Rothamsted scientiﬁc seedlings seeds sequences signiﬁcant soil stems Steve Hubbell Tenerife tion trade-oﬀ tree of trees tropical forest vegetation weeds Whiteface Mountain wild
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