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accusation admire adversary Alkidamas anger angry appears argue argument Aristotle Aristotle's Athenian Athens Attic Orators Bekker Bergk cause Chabrias character clause Comm Cope Cope's deeds defending defined Deliberative demonstration Demosthenes desire Dialectic diction dithyrambic enthymeme envy Epideiktic Euripides evil example excellence expedient fact favour fear feel follows forensic Fragm friends give Gorgias greater happen hearer Hence honour Indignation instance Iphikrates Isokrates judge justice kind Korax latter Lysias maxim means metaphor moral Muretus nature Nauck Nireus noble oath object Odysseus one's opposite pain Paris persons pity plain Plato pleasant pleasure poet possible praise premisses probably proem proof proper prose reason reference refute regard Rhetoric rhetorical induction rhetorician Roemer rule Sauppe scholiast shame similes Sokrates Sophokles speaker speaking speech Spengel style suffer supra syllogism Theseus things Tisias topic consists treatise Vahlen Victorius virtue wealth words wrong xxiii
Page 56 - Yes; for it was not Zeus that had published me that edict; not such are the laws set among men by the Justice who dwells with the gods below; nor deemed I that thy decrees were of such force, that a mortal could override the unwritten and unfailing statutes of heaven. For their life is not of to-day or yesterday, but from all time, and no man knows when they were first put forth.
Page xxiii - Ethical proof is wrought when the speech is so spoken as to make the speaker credible; for we trust good men more and sooner, as a rule, about everything; while, about things which do not admit of precision, but only of guess-work, we trust them absolutely. Now this trust, too, ought to be produced by means of the speech, — not by a previous conviction that the speaker is this or that...
Page viii - Book contains a body of rules for good writing, traced to those natural principles out of which they all grow, and illustrated by examples which his own intimate acquaintance with the best poets and orators of Greece readily supplied. The whole is a text-book of human feeling; a storehouse of taste; an exemplar of condensed and accurate, but uniformly clear and candid reasoning.
Page 123 - The argument is meant to create distrust of the accusers; for, as a rule, the accuser is by way of being better than the defendant: this assumption, then, should always be confuted. Generally speaking, a man is absurd when he upbraids others with what he himself does, or would do; or when he exhorts others to do what he himself does not, or is incapable of doing.
Page 197 - Jokes seem to be of some service in debate: Gorgias said that we ought to worst our opponent's earnest with mockery, and his mockery with earnest; a good saying. The various kinds of jokes have been analysed in the poetics. Some of these befit a free man and others do not: one must take care then to choose the kind of joke that suits one.
Page 48 - ... the hope of drinking ; and lovers delight in talking, writing, or in some way busying themselves about the beloved. Indeed, this is the beginning of love with all men, when they rejoice, not only in the presence, but in the recollection of the beloved, and absence is attended with 12 pain. Similarly, a certain pleasure follows on mourning and lamentation ; for, as the pain consists in the loss, so there is a pleasure in remembering the lost, and, in a manner, seeing him as he lived and moved...
Page xxiii - Its function is not to persuade, but to discover the available means of persuasion in each case.
Page 148 - We must disguise our art, then, and seem to speak naturally, not artificially ; the natural is persuasive, the artificial is the reverse; for men are prejudiced against it, as against an insidious design, just as they are suspicious of doctored wines. The difference is the same as between the voice of Theodoras2 and that of other actors ; his voice seems 5 to belong to the speaker,— theirs, to other men.
Page 9 - The enthymeme must consist of few propositions, fewer often than those which make up the normal syllogism. For if any of these propositions is a familiar fact, there is no need even to mention it; the hearer adds it himself. Thus, to show that Dorieus has been victor in a contest for which the prize is a crown...
Page 44 - ... objects, with which all men rob their neighbours, exist for his adversary ; the defendant has to consider what, and how 7 many of them, do not exist. Now, all men do all things, either of themselves, or not of themselves. Of those things, which they do not of themselves, some are done by chance, some of necessity. And necessary acts are done either perforce or by nature ; so that all things, which men do, not of 1369 a themselves, are done either by chance or by nature or perforce.