The Origins of Capitalism and the "Rise of the West"
In this study, Eric Mielants provides a novel interdisciplinary interpretation of the origins of modernity and capitalism in particular. He argues that contrary to popular thinking, the Rise of the West should not be analyzed in terms of the Industrial Revolution or the colonization of the New World, but viewed from long-term developments that occurred in the Middle Ages. A fascinating overview of different civilizations in East Asia, South Asia, and Northwestern Africa is provided and systematically compared and contrasted with Western Europe. This book addresses some of the major debates that have recently unfolded in world history, comparative sociology, political economy, sociological theory and historical sociology. Mielants indicates how many existing theories (such as Marxism, World-Systems Theory and Smithian Modernization Theory) have suffered from either Eurocentric or limited temporal and spatial analyses, which prevents them from a complete understanding of why the origins of capitalism and citizenship emerged in Western Europe.
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Chapter Two The Political Economies of China and Europe Compared
Chapter Three The Political Economies of South Asia and Europe Compared
Chapter Four The Political Economies of Western Europe and Northern Africa Compared
14th century Abulaﬁa accumulation agricultural areas Ashtor Asian Balard beneﬁts Blockmans Boone bourgeoisie Brenner Cambridge University Press capitalism capitalist Central China Chinese cities claim colonial commercial commodities countryside crucial d’Histoire Delhi Delhi Sultanate difﬁcult division of labor domination dynasty early modern economic growth Economic History elites Empire England European city-states expansion exploitation exported feudal ﬁrst ﬂows guilds Ifriqiya impact imperial important Indian Ocean inﬂuence Islamic Italian Journal Late Medieval Low Countries mŽediŽevale Maghreb Mali Empire Mamluk maritime trade medieval Mediterranean mercantile Middle Ages military Ming Mongol Moyen ˆAge Muslim nation-state nobility nomadic North African Northern Africa ofﬁcials Paris Pax Mongolica peasants periphery policies political Prevenier production proﬁts region rural si`ecles signiﬁcant Sijilmassa SociŽetŽes social society socioeconomic South Asia Southeast Asia speciﬁc structure Sultanate Sung Sung dynasty towns transition urban Uytven wage Wallerstein Western Europe Western European world-economy world-systems analysis Yuan dynasties
Page 2 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 2 - A new and international division of labor, a division suited to the requirements of the chief centers of modern industry springs up, and converts one part of the globe into a chiefly agricultural field of production for supplying the other part which remains a chiefly industrial field.
Democratic Communications: Formations, Projects, Possibilities
James Frederick Hamilton
Limited preview - 2008