The vatican and the Americanist crisis. Denis J. O'Connell, American agent in Rome (1885-1903)

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Gregorian Biblical BookShop, 1974 - Religion - 382 pages
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The Americanist crisis grew out of a series of issues which occupied the attention of American and Roman prelates in the last decade of the nineteenth century and which divided the American hierarchy into two camps: on the one hand, the liberals, led by John Ireland, Archbishop of St. Paul, and Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, and aided by Denis J, O'Connell, rector of the American College in Rome and agent for the American hierarchy; and on the other hand, the conservatives, led by Michael Corrigan, and the german-speaking bishops. The liberals or Americanists took a progressive stance toward American culture and sought to explain to Rome why America was different from Europe and why in America the separation of church and state was beneficial to the church. Throughout its history Roman Catholicism in America has faced the dual problematic of explaining itself to Rome and to the American cultural majority.
 

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Contents

Preparations of an Ecclesiastical Diplomat
1
The Third Plenary Council of Baltimore
33
Rector of the American College
63
The Formation of the Liberal Party
91
Creation of an American Church The German Question
121
The Hesitant Social Reformer
154
The School Questions
187
The European Diplomat Institution of the Apostolic Delegation
219
Dismissal from the American College and the Formulation of Americanism
251
The Man who wanted to be a Bishop
296
Epilogue
315
A New Idea in the List of Father Hecker
319
Essay on Sources
327
Index
337

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