Unnatural Deaths in the USSR, 1928-1954

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Transaction Publishers, Jan 1, 1983 - History - 63 pages
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This astonishing and sobering account of government- and war-induced civilian deaths in the Soviet Union calculates that Soviet loss of life between 1928 and 1954 was far higher than Western ex­perts have ever believed. Applying mathematical techniques to Soviet demographic statistics, Dyadkin shows that Stalinist repres­sion and World War II must have taken the lives of between 43 and 52 million Soviet citizens.

In the first period, 1929-36, one of collectivization, Stalin control­led and eliminated classes; during the Great Purge of 1937-38, mil­lions of Communist party members and bureaucrats were executed, and then the purge extended into the Red Army. Dyadkin shows that World War II took close to 30 million lives and that during 1950-53 another 450,000 died in prison camps.

 

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Contents

1 Has No One Been Forgotten?
15
2 Basic Sources
21
3 Population Losses during the Class Elimination Period of 192936
23
192640195054 and the Gulag Population and Prison Death Rate 195054
27
5 Natural Death Rate 192740 and Losses from Repression and the SovietFinnish War of 193940
39
6 Birth and Death Rates from Unnatural Causes 192936
43
7 War Casualties and Losses Due to Privations during World War II
49
8 Assumptions and Techniques
57
9 Potential USSR Population Changes in 192650 without Repressive Policies and World War II
59
10 Conclusion
61
Selected Bibliography
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Page 11 - Franz Schurmann, Ideology and Organization in Communist China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968), vii, 504.
Page 9 - The World Health Organization and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations have approved the use of ionizing radiation as a preservation process for foods to be distributed throughout the world. Radiation has the ecological advantage that it is a "cold...
Page 12 - Urlanis BT. Trends in fertility level in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the years of Soviet rule.
Page 3 - ... normal" or six million with a death rate less than five times "normal"? You can't have it both ways. He is humble enough to admit he doesn't know. Eberstadt's Introduction makes some interesting points which are definitely worth pondering: "The Soviet Union. ..was the first government of the century to make the decision to annihilate large numbers of its citizens to secure domestic political objectives. It was also the first innovator and experimenter in this field (of mass murder)... the great...
Page 7 - Dr. Dyadkin's manipulation of data affords the reader a reasonable, and probably conservative, first approximation of the magnitude of unnatural mortality under Stalin. It is worth mentioning that Dyadkin's own estimates for fertility and mortality in the 1930s correspond closely with those reconstructed by a leading Soviet demographer...
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