The Union of Utrecht

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1894 - Utrecht, Union of, 1579 - 12 pages
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Page 146 - Pascataquack, were not received nor called into the confederation, because they ran a different course from us both in their ministry and civil administration; for they had lately made Acomenticus (a poor village) a corporation, and had made a taylor their mayor, and had entertained one Hull, an excommunicated person and very contentious, for their minister.
Page 138 - ... new school are yet to be proven, but its rise is of interest as showing that our political origin may yet be shown to be cosmopolitan in character, as were the settlements of the thirteen original colonies. These different, perhaps not altogether conflicting views, * North American Review, 127, 185. have concerned chiefly the source of our local institutions. But the fundamental principle in our National Government is federation; and the query naturally arises as to how this idea could have been...
Page 137 - Gladstone, a not too friendly critic, has said that " as the British Constitution is the most subtle organism which has proceeded from progressive history, so the American Constitution is the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man.
Page 146 - The league between the four colonies was not with any intent, that ever we heard of, to cast off our dependence upon England, a thing which we utterly abhor, intreating your honors to believe us, for we speak in the presence of God.
Page 140 - The provinces, by virtue of the union, were to defend each other " with life, goods, and blood, against all force brought against them in the king's name or behalf." They were also to defend each other against all foreign or domestic potentates, provinces, or cities, provided such defence were controlled by the " generality
Page 147 - ... assemble, and have absolute power (the greater number of them) to determine the matter, — they would have them only to meet, and if they could agree, so; if not, then to report to their several colonies, and to return with their advice, and so to go on till the matter might be agreed ; which, beside that it would have been infinitely tedious and extreme chargeable, it would never have attained the end...
Page 146 - ... for we speak as in the presence of God."* In one respect the Union of Utrecht was more liberal than the New England Confederation, in that it provided for accession to its numbers, while the American union distinctly provided that no other jurisdiction should be taken into the confederation. The New England Confederation is, like the Union of Utrecht, crude in form and suggesting little the careful deliberation of six years. It is essentially aristocratic in character, carefully excluding those...
Page 142 - ... laws, privileges, rights, and customs of the Provinces should be settled, first, by ordinary tribunals; second, by arbitration, and, third, by amicable agreement; and this without the assistance of foreign countries or cities, except as these should be inclined to intercede in favor of arbitration.J Differences of opinion concerning the declaration of war, the conclusion of peace or the levying of taxes were to be referred to the stadbolders of the Provinces, and these failing to agree they were...
Page 139 - ... and religion. It violates in every particular all those principles which Americans to-day consider fundamental in a federal government — the formation of a supreme legislative, executive, and judicial authority, the equitable adjustment of the mutual relation of the national and state authorities, and a power inherent in the national government of operating directly on every individual citizen. •Articles 5, 9. t Article 2.

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