Change in Contemporary English: A Grammatical Study
Cambridge University Press, Oct 22, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 341 pages
Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, often in unexpected and previously undocumented ways. The study is based on a group of matching corpora, known as the 'Brown family' of corpora, supplemented by a range of other corpus materials, both written and spoken, drawn mainly from the later twentieth century. Among the matters receiving particular attention are the influence of American English on British English, the role of the press, the 'colloquialization' of written English, and a wide range of grammatical topics, including the modal auxiliaries, progressive, subjunctive, passive, genitive and relative clauses. These subjects build an overall picture of how English grammar is changing, and the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.
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the methodological basis
The subjunctive mood
The modal auxiliaries
The socalled semimodals
The progressive 1 18
The passive voice
British and American English
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adjectives adverb AmE and BrE American English analysis be—passive Biber British English Brown and Frown Brown Corpus Brown family Brown Frown Chapter colloquialization common noun comparable comparison contracted core modals corpus linguistics DCPSE decline deﬁnition deontic diachronic difﬁcult DSEU epistemic example expanded predicates family of corpora Fiction Figure ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬁve forms four corpora frequencies pmw function Genre raw freq gerund get—passive grammatical change grammaticalization Hundt increase inﬁnitival inﬁnitive inﬂectional inﬂuence instances language LCSAE lexical light verb LOB and F—LOB LOB F-LOB mandative subjunctive mediopassive million words modal auxiliaries non—ﬁnite noun phrase noun sequences occur overall pattern periphrastic plural pmw raw freq preposition preposition stranding present progressive Press pronoun proper noun Prose reﬂect relative clauses s—genitive sample semantic semi—modals signiﬁcant speech spoken English subcorpora subcorpus syntactic Table trend twentieth century usage variation varieties written corpora written English Zealand English