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according affirm analogy animal antecedent applied ascer ascertained assertion believe body casual cause chance character circumstances classification coexistence coincidence collocation colour common complete induction conception conclusion connexion connotation considered counteracting deduction definition degree denote depend derivative law distinct doctrine doctrine of chances earth effect ellipse empirical law equal error Ethology evidence example exist experience express fact fallacy fecula ground hypothesis idea individual induction inference inquiry instance kind known language law of causation laws of nature luminiferous ether manner meaning merely Method Method of Agreement Method of Difference mind mode motion objects observation occur particular persons pheno phenomena phenomenon philosophical planets precise principles probability produced propositions proved quantity question ratiocination reason recognised resemblance respecting result rience scientific scientific classification sensations sense species substances sufficient supposed supposition term theory things tion true truth ultimate laws ultimate properties uniformity universal universal proposition words
Page 310 - That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it.
Page 409 - ... law of causality applies in the same strict sense to human actions as to other phenomena, is the celebrated controversy concerning the freedom of the will; which, from at least as far back as the time of Pelagius, has divided both the philosophical and the religious world. The affirmative opinion is commonly called the doctrine of Necessity, as asserting human volitions and actions to be necessary and inevitable.
Page 16 - The process of tracing regularity in any complicated and at first sight confused set of appearances, is necessarily tentative : we begin by making any supposition, even a false one, to see what consequences will follow from it ; and by observing how these differ from the real phenomena, we learn what corrections to make in our assumption.
Page 103 - ... its manifestations is implicitly obedient to the action of fixed causes. I do not believe that there is now one object or event in all our experience of nature, within the bounds of the solar system at least, which has not either been ascertained by direct observation to follow laws of its own, or been proved to be closely similar to objects and events which, in more familiar manifestations, or on a more limited scale, follow strict laws...
Page 265 - ... about it, deviating from it in various directions and different degrees. Thus a genus may consist of several species which approach very near the type, and of which the claim to a place with it is obvious; while there may...
Page 399 - ... which he perhaps holds in abhorrence. Thus, when in a discussion one party vindicates, on the ground of general expediency, a particular instance of resistance to Government in a case of intolerable oppression, the opponent may gravely maintain that " we ought not to do evil that good may come:" a proposition which of course had never been denied, the point in dispute being " whether resistance in this particular case were doing evil or not.
Page 518 - And thus, the state of the speculative faculties, the character of the propositions assented to by the intellect, essentially determines the moral and political state of the community, as we have already seen that it determines the physical.
Page 458 - Human beings in society have no properties but those which are derived from, and may be resolved into, the laws of the nature of individual man.
Page 458 - The laws of the phenomena of society are, and can be. nothing but the laws of the actions and passions of human beings united together in the social state. Men, however, in a state of society are still men; their actions and passions are obedient to the laws of individual human nature.