The Papuan Languages of New Guinea
This introduction to the descriptive and historical linguistics of the Papuan languages of New Guinea provide an accessible account of one of the richest and most diverse linguistic situations in the world. The Papuan languages number over 700 (or 20 per cent of the world's total) in more than sixty language families. Less than a quarter of the individual languages have yet been adequately documented, and in this sense William Foley's book might be considered premature. However, in the search for language universals and generalisations in linguistic typology, it would be foolhardy to neglect the information that is available. In this respect alone, the present volume, systematically organised on mainly typology principles, is particularly timely and useful. In addition, the processes of linguistic diffusion are present in New Guinea to an extent probably paralleled elsewhere on the globe. The Papuan Languages of New Guinea will be of interest not only to general and comparative linguists and to typologists, but also to sociolinguists and anthropologists for the information it provides on the social dynamics of language content.
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A-DECL action actor Alamblak allophones Angoram Asmat Austronesian languages Barai basic BenaBena borrowing case-marking central highlands Chambri Chimbu cognates common comparative consonant constructions contrast core corresponding Dani dependent verbs dialect distinction Drabbe dual Ekagi Enga Engan English ergative example express Fore functions Gadsup gender genetic Gorokan Gorokan family grammar Haiman Hiri Motu illocutionary force independent indicate inflected Irian Jaya Kainantu Kalam Karawari Kewa Kiwai language families latmul linguistic Lower Sepik Marind marker morpheme morphological Motu Murik nasal nominal nonsingular nouns occur Papua New Guinea Papuan languages past pattern peripheral person and number phonemes phonological plural reconstruction second person Selepet semantic sentence serial verb Siane speakers Staalsen status stem suffix switch-reference syntactic Tairora Telefol tense third singular Tok Pisin uncontrolled predicate undergoer Usarufa verb-stems verbal affixes verbal prefix village vowel word-order words Yagaria Yessan-Mayo Yimas