The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, 1516–1788
The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule provides an original perspective on the history of the Shiites as a constituent of Lebanese society. Winter presents a history of the community before the 19th century, based primarily on Ottoman Turkish documents. From these, he examines how local Shiites were well integrated in the Ottoman system of rule, and that Lebanon as an autonomous entity only developed in the course of the 18th century through the marginalization and then violent elimination of the indigenous Shiite leaderships by an increasingly powerful Druze-Maronite emirate. As such the book recovers the Ottoman-era history of a group which has always been neglected in chronicle-based works, and in doing so, fundamentally calls into question the historic place within 'Lebanon' of what has today become the country's largest and most activist sectarian community.
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Ottoman governance in the coastal
the Hamada emirate 16411685
the Shiites and the state in crisis
Ali Emiri II Ahmed 477 dated late October 1692
Sayyidat alHaqla church Kisrawan Fresco said to depict a Shiite woman with a sick child praying to the Virgin Mary Reprinted by permission of the ...
the decline of Shiite rule
general overview 32
the origins of south Lebanon
Peninsula of Tyre early twentieth century Reprinted by permission of the Loyola University Press Chicago
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A‘yan al-Shi‘a Abu-Husayn administrative AE B/I Ahmad Ma‘n Ahmed Akkar al-Amin al-Saghirs Assaf Baalbek Batrun Beirut Bekaa Valley Bilad Bishara brigands Cezzar Christian conﬂict court Damascus district documents Druze emirate Duwayhi eighteenth century Empire’s eyalet Fakhr al-Din feudal ﬁefs ﬁnally ﬁrst ﬁscal ﬂed ﬂee fols French governor of Damascus governor of Tripoli Hamadas Harfush emirs Harfushes Hasan Haydar highlands historians Husayn iltizam imperial inﬂuence Islamic Ismail Istanbul Jabal Amil Janissary Jubbat Basharri Khazins killed Kisrawan Kızılbaş later Lebanese Liban Mamluk Maronite Mehmed mountain Mt Lebanon Muhammad mukataa Muslim Nasif notables ofﬁcial Osmanlı Ottoman authorities Ottoman Empire Ottoman rule Paşa political provincial reﬂected region religious Rukayni Sa‘bs Safad Safavid Sayfas seventeenth century Seyde Shaqif shaykh Shihabi Shihabi emirs Shiism Shiite Shuf Sidon Sirhan state’s Sublime Porte Sunni Syria Tarikh al-Rahbaniyya tax farmers tax farms tribal Tripoli Twelver Shiite vali villages vizier Zahir al-‘Umar