Byzantium and the Rise of Russia: A Study of Byzantino-Russian Relations in the Fourteenth Century

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 24, 2010 - History - 326 pages
The history of Russia is often considered as if that immense country had always been an isolated continent. However, at the time of its rise as a nation, it was politically a province of the Mongol Empire, whose capital was in Central Asia; and ecclesiastically, it was a dependency of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Constantinople, or Byzantium. This book describes the role of Byzantine (predominantly ecclesiastical) diplomacy in the emergence of Moscow as the capital of Russia in the fourteenth century, and the cultural, religious and political ties which connected the Northern periphery of the Byzantine Orthodox 'Commonwealth' with its centre in Constantinople. After 1370, the religious and monastic revival in Byzantium and the weakening of Mongol power provided an orientation to the policies of the Orthodox church in Russia: towards supra-national unity, spiritual and artistic achievements, and political reconciliation between principalities.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Byzantine civilization in Russia
9
Translations from the Greek
18
The catastrophes of the thirteenth century
29
The Mongols in the Middle East and in Europe
36
The Mongols their Western neighbours and their
48
The rise of Lithuania
55
Poland turns to the East
61
First challenges to unity
91
Crisis in the Byzantine religious and cultural outlook
97
Byzantium and Moscow
145
1376191
200
Some translated sources
252
dreams and reality
261
metropolitanate of Kiev and all Russia August 1347
280
to St Sergius June 3 1378
292

The Mongols and their Russian subjects
67
The Metropolitanate of Kiev and all Russia
73
Episcopal elections
81
vindicated by Patriarch Neilos in 1380
303
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