The Role of the Romanies: Images and Counter-images of "Gypsies"/Romanies in European Cultures

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Saul Nicholas, Nicholas Saul, Susan Tebbutt
Liverpool University Press, 2004 - Social Science - 258 pages
Since the arrival of the "Gypsies," or Romanies, in Europe at the beginning of the eleventh century, Europeans have simultaneously feared and romanticized them. That ambiguity has contributed to centuries of confusion over the origins, culture, and identity of the Romanies, a confusion that too often has resulted in marginalization, persecution, and scapegoating.

The Role of the Romanies brings together international experts on Romany culture from the fields of history, sociology, linguistics, and anthropology to address the many questions and problems raised by the vexed relationship between Romany and European cultures. The book's first section considers the genesis, development, and scope of the field of Romany studies, while the second part expands from there to consider constructions of Romany culture and identity. Part three focuses on twentieth-century literary representations of Romany life, while the final part considers how the role of the Romanies will ultimately be remembered and recorded. Together, the essays provide an absorbing portrait of a frequently misunderstood people.
 

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Contents

John Sampson and Romani Studies in Liverpool
15
The Role of Language in Mystifying and Demystifying Gypsy
53
The Outsiders View
79
Is there a MetaScientific
98
The Case of Ezra Jennings in Wilkie Collinss
119
Strategies of SelfRepresentation
145
Memory Records and the Romany Experience
159
Reconstructing
178
Ritual of Memory in Constructing the Modern Identity
208
Index
247
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About the author (2004)

Nicholas Saul is professor of German at the University of Durham. Susan Tebutt is head of German Studies at Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick.

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