Familiar letters on population, emigration, home colonization, &c

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1832 - 80 pages
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Page 177 - In the multitude of people is the king's honour : but in the want of people is the destruction of the prince.
Page 19 - ... wretchedness of a great portion of the peasantry in many parts of Ireland. The evidence which has been produced before successive committees of the House cannot fail to have made a strong impression on this subject, upon the members who have not themselves been eye-witnesses of the circumstances ; and whatever complicated causes may have led to this state of things, the fact is undeniable, that, generally speaking, there is that excess of labour, as compared with any permanent demand for it,...
Page 138 - The cultivating of poor lauds is not the cause of the rise of rents; the rise of the price of produce compared with the costs of production, which is the cause of the rise of rents, takes place first, and then such rise induces the cultivation of the poorer land. That is the doctrine I originally stated, and I believe it to be true; it was altered by others afterwards.
Page 136 - But stopping the holes of habitation, though it might serve for badgers and rabbits, was hardly proper for human beings, even to the mentality of 1827. So they pressed him for another way, and he answered, " No other occurs to me except the one I myself proposed a long while ago, that those who were born after a certain time should not be allowed to have any parish assistance.
Page 47 - The true and natural ground of trade and riches is the number of people in proportion to the compass of the ground they inhabit. This makes all things necessary to life dear, and that forces men to industry and parsimony.
Page 138 - Malthus was first asked about the effects of public works strictly defined : What is your own opinion of the effect on the lower orders, of employing them on public works with public money? — I think it relieves them for a short time, but leaves them afterwards in a condition worse than before. ... It has a tendency to induce them to marry early, and it enables them at first to support their children; but when the work ceases, they are left in a more destitute condition than before. ... It is always...
Page 47 - Prince, or else upon the constitutions and orders of a State. It appears to every man's eye who hath travelled Holland, and observed the number and vicinity of their great and populous towns and villages, with the prodigious improvement of almost every spot of ground in the country, and the great multitudes constantly employed in their shipping abroad and their boats at home, that no other known country in the world, of the same extent, holds any proportion with this in numbers of people ; and, if...
Page 70 - We have made a very accurate calculation of the families in that neighbourhood who are on the verge or famine, if not suffering actual famine. In the last township we visited, West Houghton, consisting of rather more than five thousand inhabitants, we found two thousand five hundred totally destitute of bedding, and nearly so of clothes. I am positive I am correct, when I say that six per cent are in a state such as that described, a state of famine, or that approaching to it; it is from the papers...
Page 70 - ... was to relieve them, and we were going away from that house, when the woman said, Sir, you have not seen all : we went up stairs, and under some rags we found another young man, the widower, and on turning down the rags, which he was unable to remove himself, we found another man who was dying, and who did die in the course of the day. I have no doubt that family were actually starving at the time.
Page 139 - ... such as fisheries? — I think generally speaking, bounties are bad. Does the employment of the people actually, upon the whole, produce any benefit to the labouring class? — It might for a time, no doubt, to a particular part of it; but in all probability, not to the whole class, or permanently. Would not the money expended in employing it, be merely a transfer from one occupation and employment to another?

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