The Phonology of Coronals
This study investigates the phonological behavior of coronal consonants, i.e. sounds produced with the tip or blade of the tongue. The analysis draws on data from over 120 languages and dialects. A definition of coronality is proposed that rejects the current view holding that palatals are positively marked for this feature. The feature [coronal] is assumed to be privative; the natural class of noncoronals is captured with the feature [peripheral], which dominates [labial] and [velar] in feature geometry. The book contains a detailed examination of the phonological patterning of segments belonging to each of the six coronal subplaces (i.e. interdental, dental, alveolar, retroflex, palatoalveolar, and alveolopalatal). A universal set of features is posited that accounts for these facts. Inventories of coronal consonants are treated in depth and impossible contrasts are accounted for with several if-then statements. The present study also contains a lengthy analysis of the phonology of rhotic consonants. A set of features is postulated which captures natural classes involving rhotics and nonrhotic consonants and which distinguishes the various stricture types among rhotics (i.e. trill vs. tap vs. approximant).
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According affricates alveolar retroflex palatoalveolar alveolar ridge alveolopalatal American English apical argue argument articulatory assimilation Australian languages captured Catford Chomsky & Halle Clements & Hume consonantal constriction continuant coronal consonants coronal features coronal fricatives coronal stops cross-linguistically dental described discussion dorsal example feature back feature coronal feature distributed feature geometry feature specifications flaps fricative trills fricatives and affricates front vowels glide hence illustrated inherently palatalized interdentals inventories labials and velars labiodental Ladefoged & Maddieson Ladefoged 1982 laminal lateral fricatives linguists Maddieson 1996 Nantong natural class noncontinuants noncoronal nonstrident Northwest Caucasian languages obstruents occur palatal fricatives palatalization feature palatalized consonants palatalized velars palatoalveolar pattern phonologically phonetic Phonological evidence phonologically phonologists phonotactic places of articulation postalveolar privative r-sounds recall referred retroflex consonants rhotic rhotic phoneme Rubach rule Sagey Sanskrit secondary articulation set of sounds sibilants sonorant spreading surface tongue body underspecified uvular voiceless