The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Vol. IX: Africa for the Africans June 1921-December 1922
"Africa for the Africans" was the name given in Africa to the extraordinary black social protest movement led by Jamaican Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887-1940). Volumes I-VII of the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers chronicled the Garvey movement that flourished in the United States during the 1920s. Now, the long-awaited African volumes of this edition (Volumes VIII and IX and a forthcoming Volume X) demonstrate clearly the central role Africans played in the development of the Garvey phenomenon.
The African volumes provide the first authoritative account of how Africans transformed Garveyism from an external stimulus into an African social movement. They also represent the most extensive collection of documents ever gathered on the early African nationalism of the inter-war period. Here is a detailed chronicle of the spread of Garvey's call for African redemption throughout Africa and the repressive colonial responses it engendered. Volume VIII begins in 1917 with the little-known story of the Pan-African commercial schemes that preceded Garveyism and charts the early African reactions to the UNIA. Volume IX continues the story, documenting the establishment of UNIA chapters throughout Africa and presenting new evidence linking Garveyism and nascent Namibian nationalism.
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administration affairs American Negroes Archives August Belgian Congo black race Black Star Line Blaise Diagne Bois British Brussels cable Cape Town chief colonial Commissioner Consul Convention Council Crichlow Dakar delegates document Enclosure English European Farmer foreign France Freetown French West Africa Gabriel Johnson Garvey movement Garvey's Garveyism German Governor Governor-General Headlines Herero honor John Kamara July June Kimbangu land leaders League of Nations letter Liberia London Luderitz Marcus Garvey meeting Minister mission Monrovia NaNam natives Negro Improvement Association Negro race Negro World newspaper Nigeria Nyasaland Okahandja Omaruru organization Pan-African Congress pan-negro Paris police political Portuguese Potentate President Printed in NW propaganda recipient's copy representative Republic Rufisque Secretary Senegal Senegalese sent September 1921 Sierra Leone South Africa South West Africa Supreme Deputy territory tion Translated from French UNIA United Universal Negro Improvement Wilson Windhoek York
Page 5 - Africa but in every country and everywhere, and hence it is their desire that wherever persons of African descent are civilized and able to meet the tests of surrounding culture, they shall be accorded the same rights as their fellow citizens ; they shall not be denied on account of race or color a voice in their own government, justice before the courts and economic and social equality according to ability and desert.
Page 4 - Capital: the investment of capital and granting of concessions shall be so regulated as to prevent the exploitation of the natives and the exhaustion of the natural wealth of the country. Concessions shall always be limited in time and subject to State control. The growing social needs of the natives must be regarded and the profits taxed for social and material benefit of the natives. 3. Labor: slavery and corporal punishment...
Page 4 - Africa, similar to the proposed international code for labour. (b) That the League of Nations establish a permanent Bureau charged with the special duty of overseeing the application of these laws to the political, social and economic welfare of the natives. (c) The Negroes of the world...