Native American Communities in Wisconsin, 1600–1960: A Study of Tradition and Change

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Univ of Wisconsin Press, May 1, 1995 - History - 304 pages
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The first comprehensive history of Native American tribes in Wisconsin, this thorough and thoroughly readable account follows Wisconsin’s Indian communities—Ojibwa, Potawatomie, Menominee, Winnebago, Oneida, Stockbridge-Munsee, and Ottawa—from the 1600s through 1960. Written for students and general readers, it covers in detail the ways that native communities have striven to shape and maintain their traditions in the face of enormous external pressures.
The author, Robert E. Bieder, begins by describing the Wisconsin region in the 1600s—both the natural environment, with its profound significance for Native American peoples, and the territories of the many tribal cultures throughout the region—and then surveys experiences with French, British, and, finally, American contact. Using native legends and historical and ethnological sources, Bieder describes how the Wisconsin communities adapted first to the influx of Indian groups fleeing the expanding Iroquois Confederacy in eastern America and then to the arrival of fur traders, lumber men, and farmers. Economic shifts and general social forces, he shows, brought about massive adjustments in diet, settlement patterns, politics, and religion, leading to a redefinition of native tradition.
Historical photographs and maps illustrate the text, and an extensive bibliography has many suggestions for further reading.


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2 How They Lived in the Old Time
3 The Years of the French
4 The Years of the British
5 The Arrival of the Long Knives
6 The Shrinking Land
7 Wandering Like Shadows on a Disappearing Land
Reading the Past

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About the author (1995)

Robert E. Bieder is professor of American history at Indiana University and former associate director of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian at the Newberry Library in Chicago. He is the author of Science Encounters the Indian, Contemplating Others: Cultural Contacts in Red and White America, and A Brief Historical Survey of the Expropriation of American Indian Remains.

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