Man and Society in Calamity: The Effects of War, Revolution, Famine, Pestilence Upon Human Mind, Behavior, Social Organization and Cultural Life

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Transaction Publishers, 1946 - Social Science - 352 pages
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This is an age of great calamities. War and revolution, famine and pestilence, are again rampant on this planet, and they still exact their deadly toll from suffering humanity. Calamities influence every moment of our existence: our mentality and behavior, our social life and cultural processes. Like a demon, they cast their shadow upon every thought we think and every action we perform.

In this classic volume, Sorokin attempts to account for the effects these calamities exert on the mental processes, behavior, social organization, and cultural life of the population involved. In what way do famine and pestilence, war and revolution tend to modify our mind and conduct, our social organization and cultural life? To what extent do they succeed in this, and when and why do they prove less effective? What are the causes of these calamities, and what are the ways out?

In dealing with these problems Sorokin tries to give a detailed description of the typical effects of famine and pestilence, war and revolution, such as have repeatedly occurred in all major catastrophes of this kind. To use academic language, he attempts to formulate the principal uniformities regularly manifested during such calamities. This book is a forgotten masterpiece of explanation and prediction. It opened new fields of study and broadened the scope of existing specialties

 

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Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
ix
Preface
9
How Calamities Affect Our Cognitive
27
THE INFLUENCE OF
49
How Pestilence War and Revolution
83
How Calamities Influence the Vital
90
THE INFLUENCE OF
105
The Influence of Calamities upon Political
122
Sinners and Saints in Calamity
227
The Influence of Calamities upon Science
241
Influence of Calamities upon the Fine Arts
253
Dynamics of Ideologies in Calamity
263
Causes of Calamities
288
The Way Out of Calamity
296
A Glance Into the Future
308
Notes
321

The Influence of Calamities upon the
145
Two General Effects of Calamities upon
156
Calamities and EthicoReligious Process
194

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About the author (1946)

Pitirim A. Sorokin was professor of sociology at Harvard University. He was director of the Harvard Research Center in Creative Altruism and the author of many books, including Social and Cultural Dynamics, Russia and the United States (available from Transaction), and The Crisis of Our Age.
Irving Louis Horowitz is Hannah Arendt distinguished university professor emeritus of sociology and political science at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. He is also chairman of the board and editorial director of Transaction Publishers at the university.

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