The Culture of Fragments: Word and Images in Futurism and Surrealism

Front Cover
Works of art such as paintings with words on them or poems shaped as images communicate to the viewer by means of more than one medium. Here is presented a particular group of hybrid art works from the early twentieth century, to discover in what way words and images can function together to create meaning. The four central artists considered in this study investigate word/image forms in their work. F.T. Marinetti invented parole in libertà, among other ideas, to free language from syntactic connections. Umberto Boccioni experimented with newspaper clippings on the canvas from 1912-1915, and these collages constitute an important exploration into word/image forms. André Breton's collection of poems Clair de terre (1923) contains several typographical variations for iconographic effect. René Magritte explored the relationship between words and images, juxtaposing signifiers to contradictory signifieds on the canvas. A final chapter introduces media other than poetry and painting on which words and images appear. Posters, the theater, and the relatively new medium of cinema foreground words and images constantly. This volume will be of interest to scholars of twentieth-century French or Italian literature or painting, and to scholars of word and image studies.
 

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Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
1
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
22
ILLUSTRATIONS
171
Illustration from Zang Tumb Tumb
172
Illustration from Zang Tumb Tumb
173
Illustration from Clair de terre
174
Illustration from Clair de terre
175
Illustration from Clair de terre
176
Umberto Boccioni Dinamismo di una testa di donna 1914
180
Umberto Boccioni Dinamismo di una testa duomo 1914
181
Umberto Boccioni Sotto il pergolato a Napoli 1914
182
Umberto Boccioni Carica di lancieri 1915
183
Carlo Carrà Manifestazione interventista 1914
184
René Magritte La condition humaine 1933
185
René Magritte Le miroir vivant 1926
186
René Magritte La trahison des images 1929
187

Umberto Boccioni Natura morta con sifone per seltz 1912
177
Umberto Boccioni Natura morta 1916
178
Umberto Boccioni Rissa nella Galleria 1910
179
René Magritte Les deux mystères 1966
188
WORKS CITED
189
Copyright

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Page 14 - An Icon is a sign which refers to the Object that it denotes merely by virtue of characters of its own, and which it possesses, just the same, whether any such Object actually exists or not.
Page 16 - La langue est un système de signes exprimant des idées, et par là, comparable à l'écriture, à l'alphabet des sourds-muets, aux rites symboliques, aux formes de politesse, aux signaux militaires, etc., etc.