The Culture of Fragments: Word and Images in Futurism and Surrealism

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Rodopi, Jan 1, 1997 - Literary Criticism - 202 pages
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Works of art such as paintings with words on them or poems shaped as images communicate to the viewer by means of more than one medium. Here is presented a particular group of hybrid art works from the early twentieth century, to discover in what way words and images can function together to create meaning. The four central artists considered in this study investigate word/image forms in their work. F.T. Marinetti invented parole in liberta, among other ideas, to free language from syntactic connections. Umberto Boccioni experimented with newspaper clippings on the canvas from 1912-1915, and these collages constitute an important exploration into word/image forms. Andre Breton's collection of poems Clair de terre (1923) contains several typographical variations for iconographic effect. Rene Magritte explored the relationship between words and images, juxtaposing signifiers to contradictory signifieds on the canvas. A final chapter introduces media other than poetry and painting on which words and images appear. Posters, the theater, and the relatively new medium of cinema foreground words and images constantly. This volume will be of interest to scholars of twentieth-century French or Italian literature or painting, and to scholars of word and image studies.
 

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Contents

L1ST OF lLLUSTRAT1ONS
1
AS lMAGES
24
FlGURE PAGE L 1llustration from Zang Tumb TumbAdrianapoli ottobre 1912
36
THE FRAGMENTED
55
REFRACTED WORDS
84
MAGR1TTE BEFORE THE VOlD BETWEEN
113
parole in liberta
171
1llustration from Zang Tumb Tumb
172
Umberto Boccioni Natura morta 1916
178
Umberto Boccioni Rissa nella Galleria 1910
179
Umberto Boccioni Dinamismo di una testa di donna 1914
180
1L Umberto Boccioni Dinamismo di una testa duomo 1914
181
Umberto Boccioni Sotto il pergolato a Napoli 1914
182
Umberto Boccioni Carica di lancieri 1915
183
Carlo Carra Manifestazione interventista 1914
184
Rene Magriue La condition humaine 1933
185

1llustration from Zang Tumb Tumb
173
1llustration from Clair de terre
174
1llustration from Clair de terre
175
1llustration from Clair de terre
176
Umberto Boccioni Natura morta con sifone per seltz 1912
177
Rene Magritte Le miroir vivant 1926
186
Rene Magritte La trahison des images 1929
187
Rene Magritte Les deux mysteres 1966
188
1LLUSTRAT1ONS 171
189
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