Greek Gods Abroad: Names, Natures, and Transformations

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Univ of California Press, May 23, 2017 - History - 261 pages
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From even before the time of Alexander the Great, the Greek gods spread throughout the Mediterranean, carried by settlers and largely adopted by the indigenous populations. By the third century b.c., gods bearing Greek names were worshipped everywhere from Spain to Afghanistan, with the resulting religious systems a variable blend of Greek and indigenous elements. Greek Gods Abroad examines the interaction between Greek religion and the cultures of the eastern Mediterranean with which it came into contact. Robert Parker shows how Greek conventions for naming gods were extended and adapted and provides bold new insights into religious and psychological values across the Mediterranean. The result is a rich portrait of ancient polytheism as it was practiced over 600 years of history.
 

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Contents

1 Names and Epithets
1
2 Interpretatio
33
NonGreek Naming Traditions
77
4 Supreme Ancestral and Personal Gods
113
The Growth of Praise Epithets
132
Where God Meets God
154
Conclusion
173
Appendix A Postclassical Use of the Epithet Oὐράνιος
179
Appendix C Interpretatio in India
184
Appendix D Some NonGreek Theonyms in Anatolia
191
Appendix E Thasian Herakles
196
Appendix F Some Epithets in Bilingual Texts
198
Appendix G Divine and Human Names Juxtaposed
201
The Cults of Hellenistic Colonies
205
Bibliography
233
Index
245

Appendix B Translated Theophoric Names
181

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About the author (2017)

Robert Parker is Wykeham Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford. He is the author of Miasma: Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion, Athenian Religion: A History, Polytheism and Society in Athens, and On Greek Religion.

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