Human Milk and Lactation
Maria Lorella Gianni
MDPI, May 28, 2020 - Science - 368 pages
Human milk is uniquely tailored to meet infants’ specific nutritional requirements. However, it is more than just “milk”. This dynamic and bioactive fluid allows mother–infant signalling over lactation, guiding the infant in the developmental and physiological processes. It exerts protection and life-long biological effects, playing a crucial role in promoting healthy growth and optimal cognitive development. The latest scientific advances have provided insight into different components of human milk and their dynamic changes over time. However, the complexity of human milk composition and the synergistic mechanisms responsible for its beneficial health effects have not yet been unravelled. Filling this knowledge gap will shed light on the biology of the developing infant and will contribute to the optimization of infant feeding, particularly that of the most vulnerable infants. Greater understanding of human milk will also help in elucidating the best strategies for its storage and handling. The increasing knowledge on human milk’s bioactive compounds together with the rapidly-advancing technological achievements will greatly enhance their use as prophylactic or therapeutic agents. The current Special Issue aims to welcome original works and literature reviews further exploring the complexity of human milk composition, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects associated with breastfeeding, and the factors and determinants involved in lactation, including its promotion and support.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
activity analysis associated authors birth body breast milk breastfeeding carotenoids cells changes choline Clin collected colostrum compared components composition concentration contribute correlation countries CrossRef decreased delivery determined diet dietary intake differences distribution early effect exclusive expressed factors fatty acids feeding Figure Food forms formula function gestational gestational age growth higher HMOs hospital human milk important increased indicate influence intake Italy lactation levels lipids lower macronutrient maternal mean measured method milk samples months mothers neonatal Nutr Nutrients nutritional observed participants pasteurization Pediatr period population positive postpartum present preterm infants processing protein PubMed range recommended reported respectively risk serum showed significant significantly similar stages standard statistical status storage supplementation Table term values variability vitamin water-soluble weeks weight women