Resurrecting Banaras: Urban Space, Architecture and Religious Boundaries
This dissertation examines the intersection of religious nationalism and the built environment in the context of an individual city, Banaras, in northern India from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries. This urban landscape was created both materially as well as discursively by indigenous Hindu elite, as a physical manifestation of a revivalist religious agenda. Inspired chiefly by Sanskrit religious texts on the city, and shaped largely by the opportunities and limitations of colonial rule, the construction of its sacred landscape turned Banaras into a center of revived Hindu ritual life. A newly constructed material environment of temples, wharves and ritual bathing tanks was simultaneously represented as antique in indigenous pilgrimage maps and religious literature and as evidence of the city's timelessness in orientalist paintings, texts and memoirs. Combining a wide spectrum of archival material including colonial administrative documents, colonial and indigenous travel writings, maps, guidebooks, pictorial representations and magazine and newspaper articles, the ways in which Hindu Banal as was created and represented, are analyzed.
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Juxtaposition and the Politics of Memory
Inventing a Historical Cartography
Inventing a Geography of Pilgrimage
Creating Public Space Indigenous Initiatives
Making a Hindu Icon
Fabricating Hindu Architecture
Allahabad ancient architecture Aurangzeb Banaras Hindu University Benares Illustrated Bengal Bharatendu Harishchandra Brahmins British Library Buddhist Buddhist past building built Chowk Chunder City ofBunarus city's religious claims Cohn colonial apparatus colonial government Committee construction contemporary Dalmia Delhi depicted Dharhara mosque Duncan Records edited by O.P. European fabric festivals Ghoshal Gyan Vapi mosque Harishchandra Hindoo Hindu Traditions Hinduism Hindus and Muslims Ibid identity indigenous elite Indo-saracenic instance Islamic Jaipur James Prinsep Kashi Kashi Khand Kashikshetra Kejariwal 1833 late eighteenth century London Maharaja Mandapa Mandir Manikarnika ghat mansion Maratha minarets modern Mughal Muslim narrative Nicholas Dirks nineteenth century O.P. Kejariwal orientalist Panchkroshi Partha Chatterjee patronage patrons Peshwa picturesque pilgrims public space puranic Raja Ram Raz Regional Archives religious landscape repr representations resurrection ritual riverfront role Sacred City sacred geography Sanskrit Sarnath Sherring shrines Singh spatial sub-continent sub-continent's texts Travels University Press urban Varanasi Veeraswamy viewed Vishwavidyalaya Prakashan Vishweshwur temple